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Jefferson, Wisconsin

  •   State: 
    Jefferson County
      County FIPS: 
    43°0′11″N 88°48′28″W
      Area total: 
    6.03 sq mi (15.61 km²)
      Area land: 
    5.82 sq mi (15.08 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.21 sq mi (0.54 km²)
    801 ft (244 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Watertown-Fort Atkinson, WI
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Jefferson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,338.5 residents per square mile of area (516.8/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Jefferson is a city in Jefferson County, Wisconsin, United States. It is at the confluence of the Rock and Crawfish rivers. The population was 7,973 at the 2010 census. The city is partially bordered by the Town of Jefferson. Its founders were settlers from New England, particularly Connecticut, rural Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. These people were "Yankees" descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Jefferson, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history. During World War II, Camp Jefferson, a prison camp for German POWs, was erected at the Jefferson County Fairgrounds. Jefferson is located at 43°011N 88°4828W (43.003091, -88.807855).According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.93 sq mi (15.36 km²), of which 5.72 sq mi. (14.81 km²) is land and 0.21sq mi (0.54 km²] is water. Jefferson's elevation is 797 ft (243 m) at the center of downtown. It was the furthest point a steamboat could navigate the Rock River in 1839, but later bridges built downstream prevented such navigation.


Gemuetlichkeit Days was started in 1971 to celebrate the German heritage of many of the residents of the Jefferson area. The festival was first held under tents in the downtown area. In 1975 the festival was moved to the Jefferson County Fair grounds and has been held there every year since then. During World War II, Camp Jefferson, a prison camp for German POWs, was erected at the Jefferson county Fairgrounds. The Jefferson County fairgrounds hosted horse buggy racing prior to the renovations to the new fairgrounds. Jefferson, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history. The town was named after the Rock River, which was the furthest point a steamboat could navigate the Rock in 1839. The city's name is derived from the word "Jefferson" which means "river" or "lake" in English. It was also the name of the town's first post office, which opened in 1838. The current town hall building was built in 1859. It is located on the site of a former post office that once stood on the edge of what is now the town of Jefferson, Wisconsin. It has a population of about 2,000. The Town of Jefferson was once known as the "Town of the Rock" and is now known as "The City of Jefferson" The town's name means "the Rock River" in German and "The Rock" in Spanish. The Rock River is a major source of water power in the area.


Jefferson is located at 43°011N 88°4828W (43.003091, -88.807855).According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.93 sq mi (15.36 km²) of which 5.72 sq mi is land and 0.21sq mi (0.54km²) is water.Jefferson's elevation is 797 ft (243 m) at the center of downtown. The city is located on the Mississippi River, which runs through the city's downtown area. The Mississippi River is a tributary of the Red River. The Red River flows into the Mississippi at the mouth of the Little Red River, where the city of Jefferson is located. The river is one of the few places in the United States where it is possible to see the river from the air. It is also the only source of water for the town of Jefferson, which has an elevation of 797ft (243m) to the water's surface. The town has a population of 2,816. It was founded in 1808. The U.N. World Heritage Site is located in the city. The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Jefferson at 2,716. The population of the city was 2,638 in the 2010 Census. The area is 5.7 sq mi. (14.81 km²), of which 1.3 sq mi has been classified as land.


As of the census of 2010, there were 7,973 people, 3,132 households, and 1,989 families living in the city. There were 3,378 housing units at an average density of 590.6 per square mile (228.0/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 94.28% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American,0.46% Asian, 0,03% Pacific Islander, 3.04% from other races, and. 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.8% of the population. The median income for a household in theCity was $40,962, and the median income. for a family was $47,737. The per capita income for the city is $19,124. About 5.4% of families and 8.3% of. the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 7.0% ofThose over 65 of age 65. The city is located in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ National Defense Training Area. The U.N. State Department’s National Defense College of the Arts and Sciences is based in the City of Fort Worth. The University of Texas at Austin has a military base in Fort Worth, which is home to the Texas A&M Aggies football team.


In Jefferson there are six schools: two elementary schools, one middle school, one high school, and two private schools. East Elementary School was built as a public works project in 1939 during the Great Depression. The fight song for Jefferson High School is a version of 'On Wisconsin' music with words dedicated to the students of JHS. The names of the schools are East Elementary, West Elementary, Jefferson Middle School, Jefferson High school, St. John's Catholic, and St.John's Lutheran. The name of the high school is Jefferson University High School, which was built in the 1930s. The school was named after the University of Wisconsin-Jefferson, which is located in the town's downtown area. The high school's name comes from the university's name, which means "University of Jefferson" in German. It was also known as "Jefferson High School" before it was named "Jeffrey University" in the 1950s and 1960s. It is the only high school in Jefferson to be named after a college or university in the U.S., and the only one to be part of a private school system. It has been named for the university since it was founded in 1872. It also has a private Catholic school and a private Lutheran school, which were both founded in the 1800s.


Valero Renewables is an ethanol plant located in Jefferson. There is also a Purina cat food manufacturing plant and a Generac Power Systems plant. The town has a population of about 2,000. It is located in the eastern part of Jefferson County. The city is home to the Jefferson County Airport. The airport is located on the west side of the town. It was built in the early 1900s and has a capacity of about 1,000 vehicles. It also has a number of other businesses, such as a gas station and a car dealership, which are located nearby. The area is also home to a large number of businesses, including an ethanol and pet food plant, as well as a power plant and an auto parts plant. It has a history of economic growth and development. The county has been in decline since the 1970s and 1980s, when the economy was at its lowest. It now has a high unemployment rate of about 8%. The town also has several other businesses that are based in Jefferson County, including a power company and a pet food company. The economy is recovering, however, and is expected to grow again in the next few years, according to the city's mayor. It's also in the middle of a transition period, with many new businesses opening in Jefferson and surrounding areas. It will be the first time in decades that the town has been able to compete on a level playing field with the rest of the U.S. in the economic downturn.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Jefferson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin = 72.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 90. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Jefferson = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,498 individuals with a median age of 38 age the population grows by 12.03% in Jefferson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,338.5 residents per square mile of area (516.8/km²). There are average 2.34 people per household in the 3,095 households with an average household income of $45,305 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.30% of the available work force and has dropped -3.82% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.06%. The number of physicians in Jefferson per 100,000 population = 73.2.


The annual rainfall in Jefferson = 33.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 37.9 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 101. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 185. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 9.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Jefferson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin which are owned by the occupant = 56.31%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 39 years with median home cost = $142,260 and home appreciation of -3.19%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $19.04 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,068 per student. There are 13.5 students for each teacher in the school, 191 students for each Librarian and 395 students for each Counselor. 5.65% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 9.68% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 3.07% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Jefferson's population in Jefferson County, Wisconsin of 2,584 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,58-fold to 1,498 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 49.62% female residents and 50.38% male residents live in Jefferson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin.

    As of 2020 in Jefferson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin are married and the remaining 45.55% are single population.

  • 21.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Jefferson require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.53% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.50% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.21% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.99% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Jefferson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin, 56.31% are owner-occupied homes, another 38.14% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.56% are vacant.

  • The 73.30% of the population in Jefferson, Jefferson County, Wisconsin who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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