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City of Dallas

  •   State: 
    Dallas County
      County FIPS: 
    32°46′45″N 96°48′32″W
      Area total: 
    385.9 sq mi
      Area land: 
    339.604 sq mi (879.56 km²)
      Area water: 
    43.87 sq mi (113.60 km²)
    420 ft (130 m)
    1841; Incorporated February 2, 1856
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Dallas, Dallas County, Texas, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    3,400 residents per square mile of area (1,300/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Dallas is the third-largest city in Texas and the largest city in the DallasFort Worth metroplex. It is the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the United States at 7.5 million people. The city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and one of the largest LGBT communities in the U.S. It was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, but the origin of the name is disputed. The Caddo people were the original recorded inhabitants before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In the 1800s, a group of French Socialists established La Réunion, a short-lived community along the Trinity River in what is now West Dallas. It became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century. The Dallas Jockey Club was built and established the Dallas Trotters racing track in Fort Worth. It marked the first prominence of Dallas as a city as a thoroughbred racetrack for thoroughbreds. Dallas is home to 23 Fortune 500 companies, the second most in Texas, and the fourth most in theUnited States. Over 41 colleges and universities are located within its metropolitan area, which is the most of any metropolitan region in Texas. In all, six flags have flown over the area preceding and during the city's history: those of France, Spain, and Mexico, the flag of the Republic of Texas, the Confederate flag, and The flag of The United States of America.


Dallas is the primary city name, but also Dfw, Dfw Airport are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Dallas. The Caddo people were the original recorded inhabitants in the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century. In all, six flags have flown over the area preceding and during the city's history: those of France, Spain, and Mexico. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was among the first skyscrapers west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time. The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas and James R.Dallas. In 1910, a white mob of hundreds of people lynched a black man, Allen Brooks, accused of raping a little girl. The mob tortured Brooks, then killed him at the downtown intersection of Main and Akard by hanging him from a decorative archway inscribed with the words "Welcome Visitors". Thousands of Dallasites came to gawk at the torture scene, collecting keepsakes and posing for photographs. During World War II, Dallas was a major manufacturing center for military automobiles and aircraft for the United States and Allied forces. Over 94,000 jeeps and over 6,000 military trucks were produced at the Ford plant in East Dallas. The small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, and the Mexican Revolution.


Dallas is situated in the Southern United States, in North Texas. It is the county seat of Dallas County and portions of the city extend into neighboring Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 385.8 square miles (999.3 km²) Dallas makes up one-fifth of the much larger urbanized area known as the DallasFort Worth metroplex, in which one quarter of all Texans live. Dallas's skyline has twenty buildings classified as skyscrapers, over 490 feet (150 m) in height. Despite its tallest building not reaching 980 feet (300 m), Dallas does have a signature building in Bank of America Plaza which is lit up in neon but falls outside the top two hundred tallest buildings in the world. Although some of Dallas's architecture dates from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, most of the notable architecture in the city is from the modernist and postmodernist eras. The Dallas Downtown Historic District protects a cross-section of Dallas commercial architecture from the 1880s to the 1940s. Dallas can be divided into several geographical areas which include larger geographical sections of territory including many subdivisions or neighborhoods, forming macroneighborhoods. The city of Dallas is home to many areas, neighborhoods, and communities, including Uptown, Victory Park, Harwood, Oak Lawn, Dallas Design District, Trinity Groves, Cityplace, Knox/Henderson, Greenville, and West Village.


At the 2020 U.S. census the city of Dallas had 1,304,379 residents, an increase of 106,563 since the 2010 United States census. There were 524,498 households at the 2020 estimates, up from 2010's 458,057 households, out of which 137,523 had children under the age of 18 living with them. The average household size in 2020 was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.41. The median income for a household in the city was $54,747; families had a median household income of $60,895; married-couple families $81,761; and non-families $45,658. In 2020, the median age was 32.9 years; for every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. The city's population was historically predominantly white (non-Hispanic whites made up 82.8% of the population in 1930), but its population has diversified due to immigration and white flight over the 20th century. Since then, the non-Hispanic white population has declined to less than one-third of the city'sPopulation. Hispanic or Latino Americans of any race made up 41.2% of. the estimated population in 2019, 34.6% of Dallas was Mexican, 0.4% Cuban and 6.0% other Hispanic or other Hispanic. American Community Survey estimates. In 2017's estimates, among the demographic groups were 35.5% Mexican, Puerto Rican, and 0.6%.


Dallas' key to growth came in 1873 with the construction of multiple rail lines through the city. Telecom Corridor is home to more than 5,700 companies including Texas Instruments, Nortel Networks, Alcatel Lucent, AT&T, Ericsson, Fujitsu, Nokia, Rockwell Collins, Cisco Systems, T-Mobile, Verizon Communications, and CompUSA. Dallas and the greater metro area have been leading the nation in apartment construction and net leasing, with rents reaching all-time highs. Single family home sales, whether pre-owned or new construction, along with home price appreciation, were leading the country since 2015. Dallas led Texas's largest in Forbes magazine's 2015 ranking of "The Best Place for Business and Careers" In 2020, Dallas ranked No. 2 in Forbes' list of the Best Places to Work in the U.S. Fortune Magazine's annual list of Fortune 500 in America indicates Dallas had 11 Fortune 500 companies, and the DFW region as a whole had the 10th largest concentration of corporate headquarters for publicly traded companies in the United States. Dallas is the home of Texas Instruments (headquartered in Dallas), a major manufacturer, which employs 10,400 people at its corporate headquarters and chip plants in Dallas. The city is sometimes referred to as the heart of "Silicon Prairie" because of a high concentration of telecommunications companies. Dallas has one of the largest concentrations of publicly traded company headquarters for the Fortune 500. Dallas was selected in 1914 as the seat of the Eleventh Federal Reserve District. In the 1930s, petroleum was discovered east of Dallas, near Kilgore. Dallas' proximity to the discovery put it at the center of the nation's petroleum market.

Arts and culture

The Arts District in the northern section of Downtown is home to several arts venues. Deep Ellum, immediately east of Downtown, originally became popular during the 1920s and 1930s as the prime jazz and blues hot spot in the South. The city's lax stance on graffiti has resulted in a number of public spaces, including tunnels, sides of buildings, sidewalks, and streets, covered in murals. Dallas has an Office of Cultural Affairs responsible for six public art centers, running radio stations and running the city-owned WRR-R radio station. The USS Dallas was planned to become a museum near the Trinity River after decommissioning in September 2014, but this has since been delayed. The Dallas Public Library system was created by the city's Women's Club Federation with efforts spearheaded by the Dallas Woman's Club. The library system will be taken apart and put back together by the end of the year, with sections transported by trucks and trucks to be put back into the museum and public libraries in Houston and Los Angeles. It will be the first of its kind in the U.S. and is expected to be the largest in the world, with more than 1,000,000 square feet of public space in the United States. It is also the largest public library system in the country, with parts of the Houston Public Library System and the University of Texas at Dallas also in the city. The Library system is run by the Women's Clubs Federation, which was founded by the women's clubs of Dallas.


The DallasFort Worth metropolitan area is home to five major league sports teams. It also hosts one team in a major women's league: the Dallas Wings. The Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League (NFL) play in nearby Arlington. The Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball (MLB) play at Globe Life Field in Arlington. FC Dallas of MLS play in Frisco at Toyota Stadium (formerly FC Dallas Stadium and Pizza Hut Park) The Allen Americans are a professional ice hockey team headquartered at the Credit Union of Texas Event Center in Allen, Texas, which currently plays in the ECHL. In 2020, the Dallas Jackals will join the Major Rugby League in the U.S. Australian rules football is growing in Dallas and the Dallas Magpies compete in the Australian Football League. The area hosted the 2014 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Final at Cotton Bowl Stadium. Neighboring cities Fort Worth, Arlington, and Denton are home to the Texas Christian University Frogs, UT Arlington Mavericks, and North Texas Christian Horned Frogs. Although outside the city limits, the Southern Methodist Mustangs are in the enclave of the University Park enclave of Fort Worth. The University of Texas at Dallas has a baseball team, the Mustangs, which plays at AT&T Park. The Cowboys are financially the most valuable sports franchise in the world, worth approximately $4 billion. The Stars have won eight division titles in Dallas, two President's Trophies as the top regular season team in the NHL, the Western Conference championship three times, and in 199899, the Stanley Cup.

Parks and recreation

Dallas maintains and operates 406 parks on 21,000 acres (85 km²) of parkland. The city's parks contain 17 separate lakes, including White Rock and Bachman lakes, spanning a total of 4,400 acres (17.81 km²). Dallas is traversed by 61.6 miles (99.1 km) of biking and jogging trails, including the Katy Trail, and is home to 47 community and neighborhood recreation centers. Fair Park is the world's largest collection of Art Deco exhibit buildings, and sculptures; it is also home to the State Fair of Texas, the largest state fair in the United States. Klyde Warren Park was built above Woodall Rodgers Freeway and connects Uptown and Downtown, specifically the Arts District. Reverchon Park was planned to be the crown jewel of the Dallas park system and was even referred to as the "Central Park" of Dallas. The Trinity River Project is the largest urban hard forest in the U.S. and is part of the OporMKor "T Kansas-Texas Railroad" Trail (Named after its former railroad name, the Missouri-Kansas Railroad), the 3.5-mile (5 km) stretch of railroad that was purchased by the City of Dallas in 2008. The new Trinity River Center is the first LEED-certified building by the Dallas Parks and Recreation Department, built by the Kansas City City City Parks and Parks Department in 2012. The park is across Turtle Creek from Kalita Humphreys Park, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.


The city uses a council-manager government, with Eric Johnson serving as mayor, T.C. Broadnax serving as city manager, and 14 council members serving as representatives to the 14 council districts in the city. In 1969, Anita N. Martínez become the first Latin American to sit as a councilwoman in Dallas's city council. In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, approximately 66% of Dallas voters voted for Hillary Clinton, with 28% of city voters voting for Donald Trump. The city of Dallas is a Democratic stronghold, with over 69% of voters supporting Joe Biden in the 2020 presidential election. The United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas convenes in the Earle Cabell Federal Building and Courthouse in the Government District of Downtown. The same building additionally houses United States Bankruptcy and Magistrate Courts and a United States Attorney office. Dallas also is the seat of the Fifth Court of Appeals of Texas. In 2004, Lupe Valdez was elected Dallas County Sheriff. Despite controversies in her handling of county jails, she won re-election in 2008 with a 10-point victory over Republican challenger Lowell Cannaday. An open lesbian, Valdez is the only female sheriff in the state of Texas until her resignation. In 2010, Dallas was the only city in Texas with a mayor who was not a Republican. Dallas is home to the University of Texas at Dallas, which is a member of the prestigious College of Business and Economics.


There are 337 public schools, 89 private schools, 38 colleges, and 32 libraries in Dallas. DallasFort Worth is also home to six Nobel Laureates. In addition to those in the city, the surrounding cities also have a number of universities, colleges, trade schools, and other educational institutions. The Texas Legislature defines all areas in Dallas County and in the Carrollton-Farmers Branch Independent School District as being in the service area of Dallas College (formerly Dallas County Community School District or DCCCD) Areas in Collin County are assigned to Collin College. The University of North Texas at Dallas became the first public university within Dallas city limits in 2009. The school has also become nationally recognized for its baseball team which has made several playoff runs. The university is a part of the University of Texas at Texas at Fort Worth system. It is in Richardson, about 15 miles (24 km) north of Downtown Dallas. The campus is a Tree Campus USA and is recognized as one of the most beautiful university campuses in the Southwest U.S. According to the US News & World Report, SMU is the best overall undergraduate college in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex and the third best in the State of Texas. It was founded in 1911 by the Southern Methodist Church, and is now run by R. Gerald Turner. The college is in University Park, an independent that, together with SMU, is independent of the SMU Church. It enrolls over 5,600 students, and offers undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral degrees.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Dallas, Collin County, Texas = 32.3. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 87. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 12. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Dallas = 5.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,304,379 individuals with a median age of 32.8 age the population grows by 5.77% in Dallas, Collin County, Texas population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 3,400 residents per square mile of area (1,300/km²). There are average 2.63 people per household in the 468,055 households with an average household income of $42,150 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is of the available work force and has dropped -1.43% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 28.44%. The number of physicians in Dallas per 100,000 population = 225.3.


The annual rainfall in Dallas = 35.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 2.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 77. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 234. 96 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 35 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 25, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Dallas, Collin County, Texas which are owned by the occupant = 38.03%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 34 years with median home cost = $158,600 and home appreciation of -5.22%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $17.84 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,763 per student. There are 15.6 students for each teacher in the school, 503 students for each Librarian and 387 students for each Counselor. 4.22% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 18.10% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.44% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Dallas's population in Dallas County, Texas of 42,639 residents in 1900 has increased 30,59-fold to 1,304,379 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 48.80% female residents and 51.20% male residents live in Dallas, Collin County, Texas.

    As of 2020 in Dallas, Collin County, Texas are married and the remaining 50.64% are single population.

  • 28.9 minutes is the average time that residents in Dallas require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    71.39% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 17.68% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 5.36% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.81% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Dallas, Collin County, Texas, 38.03% are owner-occupied homes, another 52.30% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.67% are vacant.

  • The 53.08% of the population in Dallas, Collin County, Texas who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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