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City of Greenville

  •   State: 
    South Carolina
    Greenville County
      County FIPS: 
    34°50′40″N 82°23′8″W
      Area total: 
    29.92 sq mi
      Area land: 
    29.80 sq mi (77.17 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.23 sq mi (0.58 km²)
    984 ft (300 m)
    Incorporated (as a village) December 17, 1831
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Greenville-Anderson, SC
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,373.39 residents per square mile of area (916.37/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Greenville is a city in and the seat of Greenville County, South Carolina. With a population of 70,720 at the 2020 census, it is the sixth-largest city in the state. Greenville is the center of the Upstate region of South Carolina, a combined statistical area of 1,487,610 people. Numerous large companies are located within the city, such as Michelin, Prisma Health, Bon Secours, and Duke Energy. The city continues to expand rapidly into the 2020s as is evident from rapid population, economic, and developmental growth. It was named for General Nathanael Greene in honor of his service in the American Revolutionary War, or after early settler Isaac Green. The land of present-day Greenville was once the hunting ground of the Cherokee, which was forbidden to colonists. The American Revolution divided the South Carolina country between the Loyalists and Patriots. The Patriots retaliated by burning down Richard Pearis' plantation and jailing him in Charleston. The Treaty of Dewitt's Corner in 1777 ceded almost all Cherokee land, including present- day Greenville, to South Carolina, Greenville boomed to around 1,000 in the 1850s due to the growth of McBee's donations and the attraction of the town as a summer resort for visitors. In December 1860 Greenville supported a convention to debate the issue of secession for South Carolina and voted to secede from the Confederate States. The town supplied food, clothing, firearms, and clothing to the Confederate Army through 1865.


Greenville is the primary city name, but also Powdersville are acceptable city names or spellings, Gville on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of Greenville. Greenville County was created in 1786. Some sources state it was named for its physical appearance, while others say the county is named after General Nathanael Greene in honor of his service in the American Revolutionary War. Greenville boomed to around 1,000 in the 1850s due to the growth of Vardry McBee's donations and the attraction of the town as a summer resort for visitors. After World War I, Greenville served as a training camp for Army recruits during World War II. The city hosted an important textile manufacturing trade fair, the Southern Textile Exposition, from 1915 to 2004. In November 1946, a propane tank explosion left 6,500 dead and over 150 injured. The New Deal established a new Greenville High School and a new Sirrine Stadium. The Mansion was demolished and replaced with the Poinsett House in 1925. The Great Depression forced the mills to lay off workers and the Women's College and Furman University to merge in 1933. The Textile Workers Strike of 1934 caused an uproar in the city and surrounding towns that the National Guard had to subdue. The Greenville News was established in 1874 as Greenville's first daily newspaper. The most important infrastructure that came to the city were cotton mills. Prominent cotton mill businesses operated near Greenville making it a cotton mill town. In 1853 McBee and other Greenville County leaders funded a new railroad called the Greenville and Columbia Railroad. On December 20, 1860, the South Carolina state convention voted to secede from the Union. The town supplied over 2,000 soldiers to the Confederate States Army.


Greenville is located at 34°5040N 82°238W (34.844313, 82.385428), roughly equidistant between Atlanta (145 miles [233 km] southwest) and Charlotte, North Carolina (100 miles [160 km] northeast) It is in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains range. The Reedy River, a tributary of the Saluda River, runs through the center of the city. Greenville has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with four distinct seasons. It is located in the Brevard Fault Zone and has had occasional minor earthquakes. The city is part of USDA Hardiness zone 7b/8a and has a growing season of 217 days. It has an average of 47.2 inches (1,200 mm) of precipitation annually, which is somewhat evenly distributed throughout the year, although summer is slightly wetter. In addition, there is 4.7 inches (11.9 cm) of snow, occurring mainly from January thru March, with rare snow occurring in November or April. More frequent ice storms and sleet mixed in with rain occur in the Greenville area; seasonal snowfall has historically ranged from trace amounts as recently as 201112 to 21.4 in (54 cm) in 193536. The average daily temperature in July is 79.9 °F (26.6 °C) There are an average 43 days per year with highs at or above 90 °C (32 °C). There are 59 nights per year that drop to or below freezing.

Law and government

The Greenville City Council consists of the mayor and six council members. As of 2021, the city's mayor is Knox H. White, who has been in that position since December 1995. Greenville Municipal Court handles criminal misdemeanor violations, traffic violations, and city ordinance violations. The Greenville Police Department serves Greenville with around 241 employees with 199 sworn officers. The city is within South Carolina's 4th congressional district, represented by William Timmons since 2019.Districts 2225 of the South Carolina House of Representatives cover portions of Greenville, as do state senate districts 68 and 2225. The mayor and two council members are elected at-large while the remaining council members were chosen from single-member districts. In 1976, the police department moved into the Greenville County Law Enforcement Center with the Greenley County Sheriff's Department. In 1845, the Police Force was established as Greenville. By 1876, it became the Greenvile Police Department, and in 1845 it became Greenville police. The police department was established in 1844 as the Greenville Police Force, and by 1876 it was called Greenville Police Department. The department moved to its current location in 1976. It is currently based in Greenville and employs around 241 officers. It has a budget of around $1.5 million per year and has a staff of around 200. The Police Department has a turnover rate of about 1.5 percent per year. It was the largest police department in South Carolina in the early 1980s.


Greenville is the largest city in the Upstate of South Carolina. The city is home to the Greenville Drive baseball team and the Peace Center. The Children's Museum of the upstate is one of the nation's largest children's museums. Greenville Zoo was established in 1960 and is located in Cleveland Park. The Liberty Bridge is a pedestrian suspension bridge overlooking the Reedy River. The Joe Jackson Museum & Library is the home of baseball's Shoeless Joe Jackson. The Greenville River Festival is an annual four-day culinary event held in the Wycheche Pavilion at Larkin's Park, on the banks of the Larkin River in the West End of the city. The City of Greenville holds the U.S. Open of the Little League World Series in July and August each year, and the NCAA Division I Division I Women's Basketball Championship in August. The U.N. World Series of Baseball is held in Greenville, South Carolina, each year from July to September. The World Series will be held in New York City from August to September, and in Atlanta from September to October. The final game of the season will take place on September 28, 2018. The game will be a rematch between the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees. The Yankees are the defending champions of the World Series, beating the Red Sox 3-1 in the final game on Sunday, September 14. The Red Sox have won the title three times in a row, the last in 1998.


The Greenville County School District is the largest school district in the state of South Carolina. The district has 19 high schools, 24 middle schools, and 52 elementary schools in the district. In addition to public schools, Greenville has a number of private and religious schools, including St Mary's Catholic School and Hidden Treasure Christian School. Greenville's downtown area is home to the South Carolina Governor's School for the Arts & Humanities, a boarding school for young artists. The Greenville Saturday School (GSS; Gurnbiru Nihongo Hosh Jugy K) is a weekend program for Japanese national students. Bob Jones University and North Greenville University are located in the greater Greenville area. The Evangelical Institute was founded in 1967 just north of the city at Paris Mountain. Clemson University has several programs physically located in Downtown Greenville, as well as a specialty campus in Greenville called Clemson University International Center for Automotive Research that focuses on automotive research. The University of South. Carolina School of Medicine Greenville is a four-year medical school operating on a Prisma Health campus. The city has numerous public charter schools that are free to state residents, including Bob Jones Academy and Elementary School, Green Charter (originally one of the Gülen movement schools), and Greenville Classical Academy (a classical Christian school established in 2004) Greenville Technical College was established in 1962 as a technical college. The town has several colleges and universities located within the city limits.


Greenville's economy was formerly based largely on textile manufacturing. In the last few decades, favorable wages and tax benefits have lured foreign companies to invest heavily in the area. The city is the North American headquarters for Michelin, Synnex, United Community Bank, AVX Corporation, NCEES, Ameco, Southern Tide, Confluence Outdoor, Concentrix, JTEKT, Cleva North America, Hubbell Lighting subsidiary of Hubbell Incorporated, Greenville News, and Scansource. In 2003, the International Center for Automotive Research was created, establishing CUICAR as the new model for automotive research. The Center for Emerging Technologies in mobility and energy was opened in 2011, hosting a number of companies in leading edge R&D. When the former Donaldson Air Force Base closed, the land became the South Carolina Technology and Aviation Center, and became home to a Lockheed Martin aircraft and logistics center, as well as facilities operated by 3M and Honeywell. Donaldson Center Airport now occupies the former air base as a public airport. General Electric has a gas turbine, aviation and wind energy manufacturing operations located in Greenville. Greenville is also home to the headquarters for Sage Automotive, which is a leading supplier of lighting and lighting products to the automotive industry. The South Carolina Chamber of Commerce is based in the city, and has its headquarters in downtown Greenville, South Carolina. The Greenville area is home to more than 1,000 businesses, many of which are non-profit organizations.


Greenville is located on the Interstate 85 (I-85) corridor, approximately halfway between Atlanta and Charlotte. I-85 runs along the city's southeast edge and is connected to downtown Greenville by two spur routes: I-185, which also forms a southern beltway; and I-385, which continues southeast to a junction with I-26. Other major highways include U.S. Highway 123 (US 123), US 25, US 29 and US 276. Greenville has an Amtrak station, which is part of Amtrak's Crescent, connecting Greenville with the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Raleigh, Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham and New Orleans. Freight railroad service is provided by CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern Railway, and the Carolina Piedmont Railroad. The former Greenville and Northern Railway line to Travelers Rest has been abandoned and converted into a hiking trail called the Rabbit Rabbit Trail. Greenlink runs a bus system that serves the Greenville area, much of Greenville County including Mauldin and Simpsonville, and a portion of Pickens County via a connector to Clemson. The Greenville Downtown Airport, is the busiest general aviation airport in South Carolina with nearly 80,000 take-offs and landings annually and more than 198 based aircraft in 2022. The largest in the region, Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport (GSP), is the second busiest in the state and is served by most major airlines. SCTAC has undergone significant modernization and is the site of the new South Carolina Army National Guard Aviation Support Facility (AASF) and proposed Super General Aviation Center.

Sports teams

The Greenville Drive is a High-A affiliate of the Boston Red Sox. The Furman Paladins compete at the NCAA Division I level. The Greenville Swamp Rabbits are a minor league hockey team in the ECHL. North Greenville University competes at theNCAA Division II level. Bob Jones University began intercollegiate athletics in the 2012-2013 school year. The Carolina Upstate Thunder of the Women's American Basketball Association plays home games at Legacy Early College beginning in July 2021. The BJU Bruins began with men and women's soccer and basketball, with hopes of eventually adding other sports. In June 2021, the USL announced an associated women's team will begin play in 2022 as part of a new W league. For the first year after their founding, they were called the Greenville Bombers, having moved from Columbia, South Carolina. Cross country and golf were added for the 2013-2014 school year, and men's and women’s shooting sports were added in 2016. The city is home to the National Christian College Athletic Association (NCCAA) sports conference. The NCCAA is headquartered in Greenville, as are various minor league and university sports teams.


Greenville has been named one of the "Top 100 Arts Small Towns in the United States" The Bon Secours Wellness Arena brings national tours of many popular bands to downtown. The Peace Center for the Performing Arts provides a venue for orchestras and plays. The Greenville County Museum of Art contains pieces by Jackson Pollock, Jonathan Greene, Georgia O'Keeffe, Jasper Johns and William H. Johnson. There are eight comedy venues in Greenville featuring stand-up comedy, sketch comedy, ventriloquists, as well as experimental and non-traditional comedy. Greenville's music scene is home to local, regional, and national bands performing music in the various genres. Many notable active national touring acts have Greenville roots, including: Lynyrd Skynyrd, The Rolling Stones, and The Grateful Dead. The city is also home to the Greenville Symphony Orchestra, Greenville Country Youth Orchestra, Carolina Youth Symphony, the Carolina Pops Orchestra, and theGreenville Concert Band. The Carolina Ballet Theatre is a professional dance company that regularly presents programs at the Peace Center and elsewhere. During the Spring and Summer, the local Shakespearean company performs Shakespeare in the Park at the Falls Park Amphitheater. The Emrys Foundation, founded in 1983, and Wits End Poetry are two literary non-profit groups based in the city. The Metropolitan Arts Council provides a number of public events that focus on the visual arts, including the First Fridays Gallery Crawl and Greenville Open Studios.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina = 12.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 20. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Greenville = 5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 70,720 individuals with a median age of 36.9 age the population grows by 6.12% in Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,373.39 residents per square mile of area (916.37/km²). There are average 2.06 people per household in the 26,431 households with an average household income of $37,923 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 16.10% of the available work force and has dropped -4.11% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 15.68%. The number of physicians in Greenville per 100,000 population = 249.7.


The annual rainfall in Greenville = 49.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 1.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 111. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 220. 86 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 29.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 38, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina which are owned by the occupant = 41.64%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 42 years with median home cost = $153,250 and home appreciation of -4.14%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.48 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,124 per student. There are 12.3 students for each teacher in the school, 654 students for each Librarian and 432 students for each Counselor. 6.03% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 22.44% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 12.32% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Greenville's population in Greenville County, South Carolina of 11,860 residents in 1900 has increased 5,96-fold to 70,720 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.65% female residents and 48.35% male residents live in Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina.

    As of 2020 in Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina are married and the remaining 54.41% are single population.

  • 18.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Greenville require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    74.43% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.60% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.99% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.45% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina, 41.64% are owner-occupied homes, another 47.93% are rented apartments, and the remaining 10.43% are vacant.

  • The 55.27% of the population in Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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