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Gresham, Oregon

  •   State: 
    Multnomah County
      County FIPS: 
    45°30′13″N 122°26′22″W
      Area total: 
    23.64 sq mi
      Area land: 
    23.52 sq mi (60.91 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.13 sq mi (0.35 km²)
    325 ft (99 m)
    1905; Incorporated 1905
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Gresham, Multnomah County, Oregon, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    4,857.65 residents per square mile of area (1,875.55/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Income taxes: 

Gresham began as a settlement in the mid-1800s, but was not officially incorporated as a city until 1905. It was named after Walter Quintin Gresham, the American Civil War general and United States Secretary of State. The city's economy was fueled largely by farming, including berries, grapes, and vegetables. In August 2016, the town was the place of the racially motivated murder of Larnell Bruce. The population was 105,594 at the 2010 census, making G Resham the fourth largest city in Oregon. The area was first settled in 1851 by brothers Jackson and James Powell, who claimed land under the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850. In 1884, a local merchant petitioned the U.S. Post Office Department for a post office in his store, and offered to name it after Postmaster General Walter Q. Gresam if his request was granted. At the same time, other members of the community secured a postoffice called "Campground", another name for the area, referencing the religious camp meeting ground located there and the valley's usefulness as a stop-off for travelers on their way to Portland. In 1905, the city was incorporated, and the population at the time was 365. In 1959, the first public library was established in the town's general store. In 1984, the hospital moved to Stark Street and became Mount Hood Medical Center. In 2000, about 84% of the city's residents were below the poverty line, including 17% of those under 18.


The area now known as Gresham was first settled in 1851 by brothers Jackson and James Powell, who claimed land under the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850. In 1884, a local merchant petitioned the U.S. Post Office Department for a post office in his store, and offered to name it after Postmaster General Walter Q. Gresam if his request was granted. At the same time, other members of the community secured a postoffice called "Campground", another name for the area, referencing the religious camp meeting ground located there and the valley's usefulness as a stop-off for travelers on their way to Portland. Once the Post Office department realized its mistake, it revoked the Campground post office. The town was incorporated in 1905, the year of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition; its population at the time was 365. In August 2016, the town was the place of the racially motivated murder of Larnell Bruce, who was shot and killed by a white man in the parking lot of a Portland, Oregon, apartment complex. The city's city library, which began as a small book collection in the town's general store, was officially established as the G Resham Branch Public Library in 1913 with a grant from the Andrew Carnegie library fund. In 1984, the hospital moved to Stark Street and became Mount Hood Medical Center.Gresham's early settlers would go on to form the outlying communities of Boring, Sandy, Fairview, and Estacada.


Gresham is located twelve miles (19 km) from downtown Portland. The dividing line between Portland and Gresham's city limits is roughly at SE 162nd Avenue in some areas. The city is located roughly seventy miles (110 km) east of the Oregon Coast. It has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb/Csa), with warm and sunny afternoons and only very occasional rainfall. winters are cloudy with cool to cold afternoon, occasional frosts, and frequent long rainy periods. The total area of the city is 23.43 square miles (60.68 km²), of which 23.20 square miles [60.09 km²] is land and 0.23square miles (0.60 km²) is water. The area includes parts of Fairview Creek and Johnson Creek, which run through the city. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the city has a total population of 2,071. The population was 2,081 in the 2010 United States Census, and 2,097 in the 2011 U.N. Census. The United States Geological Survey estimates the city's population to be 2,068. The elevation of the town is 325 feet (99 m), with the majority of its elevation coming from a hill on its eastern border. It is located in the eastern part of the Cascade Mountains, in the foothills of the Mount Hood Mountains. The town is located on the eastern side of the Columbia River, where it meets Troutdale.


As of the census of 2010, there were 105,594 people, 38,704 households, and 25,835 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 76.0% White, 3.5% African American, 1.3% Native American, 4.3%. Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 9.8% from other races, and 4.5%. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.9% of the population. The median income for a household was $43,442, and the mean income for the family was $51,126. About 8.4% of families and 12.5%) of the residents were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7%) of those 65 and older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22. The city's median age was 33.6 years and the gender makeup was 49.0%. The population density was 4,551.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,757.3/km²). There were 41,015 housing units at an average density of 1,767.9 per squaremile (682.6/ km²) The city is located in the Pacific Northwest and the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that it has a population of about 105,000 people. It is the largest city in the state, with a population growth rate of 7.7%.

Arts and culture

The Louise Home Hospital and Residence Hall, is located in west Gresham, and serves as a social services facility. The Jacob Zimmerman House, a farmhouse built by German-American settlers in 1874. The Emanuel and Christina Anderson House and William Gedamke House, both Victorian Queen Anne homes built circa 1900. The G Resham Carnegie Library, built in 1913. The Dr. Herbert H. Hughes House,Built in 1922. The Charles and Fae Olson House,A modernist home built in 1946. The David and Marianne Ott House, A ranch house built in 1952. The George Washington House, Built in 1881. The Henry Washington House, built in 1883. The James Madison House, constructed in 1885. The John Jay College of Music, which was founded in 1887, is based in the town. The University of Wisconsin-Gresham has a chapter of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has a branch in the city, which opened in 1903. The town has a number of historic homes, including the HamlinJohnson House and the Anderson House, which were built in 1888 and 1900, respectively. It also has a Carnegie Library. It is home to several historic homes and other buildings. The city's library was established in 1913 and is still in use today. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was added to the N.R.P.N. list of historic sites in 1973.

Parks and recreation

There are numerous parks in Gresham, such as Main City Park. Other public points of interest are the Arts Plaza and G Resham Pioneer Cemetery, established in 1859. Bicycle/pedestrian trails include Springwater Corridor, 40-Mile Loop, Kelly Creek Greenway Trail, and Nadaka Loop Trail. The town is located near the junction of the Columbia River and the Willamette River. It is also near the city of Portland, Oregon, which lies between the two towns. The city is home to the Oregon Shakespeare Festival, which runs through the end of the year. It also hosts the Oregon State Fair, which ends in October. Gresam is located on the Oregon-Oregon border and is near the town of Powell Butte, an upland butte located south of the city. It has a population of about 2,000 people, with the majority of its residents living in the downtown area. The community is also home to a number of businesses, including a bank, a hospital, a school, and a post office. There are also several trails, including the Springwater corridor and the 40-mile loop, as well as several other trails that run through the city's downtown area and through the foothills of the Cascade Mountains. The area is also known for its hiking and biking, with many trails leading to and from the town's parks. The Gresams are known for their love of hiking and nature. The village also has a history that dates back to the early 1800s.


The City of Gresham operates under the councilmanager form of government. The mayor and city council are elected to be the legislative and policy-making body. The council appoints a city manager who is responsible for the daily operations of the city. The city manager of G Resham is Nina Vetter, who was appointed to the position on May 3, 2021. She will serve a four-year term, ending in May 2019. She is the first woman to serve as city manager in the city's history, and the first African-American woman to hold the position in the state of Oregon. She has been in the position for less than a year, but will be the city manager for at least five more years if she is re-elected in 2020. She was the first female city manager to serve more than one term, and is the second woman to do so in the State of Oregon, after the previous woman was elected in 1996. She served as the City Manager for two years, before becoming the City manager for a further two years. The City Manager is elected by the City Council in November of even-numbered years. In election years divisible by four, (e.g., 2000, 2004, 2008), three councilors are elected. In other years, the mayor and the other councilors and the mayor are elected in election years not divisibleby four. All councilors serve 4-year terms, and elections are held in November in even- numbered years.


Gresham is served by three school districts: Centennial, Gresham-Barlow, and Reynolds. Mount Hood Community College is the only college located within the city limits. According to the US Census, 27.16% of the G Resham residents had a bachelor's degree, while 9.93% had earned a master's degree or above. Private schools include Portland Adventist Elementary School, Eastside Christian School, and Morningstar Montessori school. The city is home to the Oregon Shakespeare Festival, which takes place in the summer. The town is also the site of the Oregon State Fair, which is held every year in September. The fair is one of the largest in the state, drawing thousands of visitors each year. It is also home to Oregon State University, which holds the state's only women's college program. The state fair is held in the town's fairgrounds, which attracts thousands of tourists every year. The festival is also known for its outdoor activities, such as the Oregon Trail, which runs through the town. It also hosts the annual Oregon State Screaming Contest, which draws hundreds of thousands of people each year to the city. The event is held on the last Sunday of the month, and is held at the end of the school year in the city's fair grounds. The Gresam High School football team is coached by former Oregon Ducks coach Rick McGahey. The team has won several state championships, including the Oregon state championship in 2008.


Gresham is accessed from the west via Interstate 84 and via U.S. Route 26 from the east. It is served by TriMet's bus system and the MAX Light Rail Blue Line. The city is also served by the fareless Sandy Area Metro shuttle bus to Sandy, Oregon. Gresham has a population of about 2,000. The town is located on the Willamette River, a tributary of the Deschutes River. It was founded in the early 1900s and was named after the town's first postmaster. It has a high school, a college, a hospital, and a post office. It also has a library, a park, a theater, a bowling alley, a pool, and several other public spaces. The community is served on the Oregon Coast by the Oregon State College of Art and Design, which opened in the 1930s. The Oregon State Museum is located in the city's downtown area. It opened its doors in the 1950s and has a collection of historic buildings. The Portland State University campus opened in 1961. It dates back to the early 20th century, when the city was first founded. The University of Oregon has a campus that opened in 1959. The campus is on the edge of the city and is known for its art and science programs. The university's library has a large art collection, including a large collection of stained glass windows. The library also has an art collection of its own, which is displayed in the community center.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Gresham, Multnomah County, Oregon = 68.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 51. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Gresham = 3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 6,484 individuals with a median age of 35.3 age the population grows by 14.06% in Gresham, Multnomah County, Oregon population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,857.65 residents per square mile of area (1,875.55/km²). There are average 2.67 people per household in the 38,128 households with an average household income of $50,385 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.80% of the available work force and has dropped -5.76% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 17.68%. The number of physicians in Gresham per 100,000 population = 389.9.


The annual rainfall in Gresham = 44.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 5.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 149. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 144. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 33.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 65, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Gresham, Multnomah County, Oregon which are owned by the occupant = 52.49%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 28 years with median home cost = $200,970 and home appreciation of -15.53%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $12.55 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,912 per student. There are 21.1 students for each teacher in the school, 606 students for each Librarian and 363 students for each Counselor. 7.31% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 13.85% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 4.97% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Gresham's population in Multnomah County, Oregon of 3,878 residents in 1900 has increased 1,67-fold to 6,484 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.52% female residents and 49.48% male residents live in Gresham, Multnomah County, Oregon.

    As of 2020 in Gresham, Multnomah County, Oregon are married and the remaining 42.99% are single population.

  • 29.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Gresham require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    73.31% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.04% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 7.36% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.22% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Gresham, Multnomah County, Oregon, 52.49% are owner-occupied homes, another 41.99% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.52% are vacant.

  • The 44.04% of the population in Gresham, Multnomah County, Oregon who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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