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Corona

  •   State: 
    New York
      County: 
    Queens County
      City: 
    Corona
      County FIPS: 
    36081
      Coordinates: 
    40°44′06″N 73°51′54″W
      Established: 
    1854
  •   Latitude: 
    40,7468
      Longitude: 
    -73,8605
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    11368
      GMAP: 

    Corona, Queens County, New York, United States

  •   Population: 
    12,883

Corona was a late 19th-century residential development in the northeastern corner of the old Town of Newtown. It was at the Fashion Race Course in 1858 that the first games of baseball to charge admission took place. Among its original residents were jazz greats Nat Adderley & Jimmy Heath; Kenneth and Corien Drew, publishers of Queens' first African-American newspaper, The Corona East Elmhurst News. Corona was also the childhood home of Marie Maynard Daly, the first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry. The majority Hispanic community now consists of Dominicans, Colombians, Ecuadorians, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Bolivians, Peruvians, Mexicans, Venezuelans, and Chileans. There are also Asian Americans (Chinese, Indians, Koreans, Filipinos, and Japanese) as well as Italian Americans and African Americans. The area was originally known as West Flushing, but various theories have arisen for its etymology. The Italian immigrants who moved into the new housing stock referred to the neighborhood by the Italian or Spanish word for "crown", or corona. In the 1950s, what was predominantly an Italian American and African American neighborhood began to give way to an influx ofDominicans. In late 1990s, Corona saw a new wave of immigrants from Latin America. The intersection of 108th Street and Corona Avenue is the historic center of the Italian American community, sometimes referred to as Corona Heights. The Lemon Ice King of Corona, an ice cream shop, is located at 52nd Avenue and 108th Avenue, and is a National Historic Landmark.

History

Corona is the primary city name, but also Flushing are acceptable city names or spellings, Queens on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The name "Corona" means "crown" in Spanish. It is the name of a street in New York City. The street was named after the town of Corona, New York. It was the site of the first baseball game in 1858. The name was taken from the city's name, which means "coronation" in English. The word "corona" is also used to refer to the city of New York, where the game took place. The city is named for the town where the first game was played. The town is named after a river, which runs through the middle of the city. The river's name is also the name for a street, which was once called "Coronation Street" It is now known as the "Corner of the World" because of its location in the center of the town. The road was named for a river that runs through it, which is also called the "Clerk's Road" The street is known as "Coroner's Street" because it is located at the corner of a road that runs along the river. It has been named for this river for more than 100 years, but the name was first used in the 19th century. It means "Corporation" or "Citizenship" in Latin American. It also means "Ceremony" in the Spanish language, which translates to "council of the world" The town's name comes from the Latin word for "courage", which is "corresponding".

Structures

Dorie Miller Residential Cooperative, built in 1952, comprises six buildings, containing 300 apartments, with 1,300 rooms in total. The Lemon Ice King of Corona, an ices shop, is located at 52nd Avenue, Corona Avenue, and 108th Street. The Louis Armstrong House attracts visitors to the neighborhood and preserves the legacy of musician Louis Armstrong, one of Corona's most prominent historical residents. Corona was also the childhood home of Marie Maynard Daly, the first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry. In the latter half of the 20th century, the area that is now Corona Plaza was a lot that connected the street to a row of mainly immigrant-owned businesses. In 2005, the nearby Queens Museum began applying for permits to temporarily close off the streets that allowed vehicle access to the plaza and hosted public events (typically art based) that the residents of the community could attend. In early 2018, the plaza was fully implemented in early 2018 at a cost of around $5.6 million. The plaza is recognized as a project by urban planning circles as a new project that has created a community space for the ethnically diverse population of Corona. The space was first transformed in 2012 as a temporary plaza with chairs and tables that prohibited through traffic. It was later made permanent by the Department of Design and Construction, which filled in the lot with concrete, added built-in seating and a performance space. Later added was a drinking fountain, WalkNYC wayfinding signs, bike racks to serve commuters, an automatic pay toilet, and more furniture.

Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the total population of Corona was about 110,000. Corona is overwhelmingly Hispanic with all other demographics being definitively below the borough average. The entirety of Community Board 4, which comprises Corona and Elmhurst, had 135,972 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 85.4 years.:2,20. In 2018, an estimated 27% of Corona and. Elmhurst residents lived in poverty, compared to 19% in all of Queens and 20% in. all of New York City. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Corona and Elmhurst are considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.:7As according to the 2020 census data, Corona had 51,500 Hispanic residents, there were between 10,000 and 19,999 Asian residents, and 5,000 to 9,000 Black residents, meanwhile the White residents were less than 5000. The median household income in Community Board. 4 was $51,992 as of 2017, the median life expectancy was 81.2 years.:53 (PDF p. 84) Most inhabitants are middle-aged adults and youth: 17% are between the ages of 017, 39% between 25 and 44, and 24% between 45 and 64. One in fourteen residents (7%) were unemployed,Compared to 8% in Queens and 9% in New York. City's rent burden is 62%, higher than the boroughwide and citywide rates of 53% and 51% respectively.

Police and crime

The 110th Precinct ranked 15th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. The incarceration rate of 227 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.:8. The precinct reported 4 murders, 29 rapes, 270 robberies, 359 felony assaults, 196 burglaries, 485 grand larcenies, and 138 grand larsenies auto in 2020. Crimes across all categories have decreased by 83.2% between 1990 and 2020. The Precinct is located at 94-41 43rd Avenue and 92-15 Northern Boulevard. It is part of the NYPD's 110th and 115th precincts, which are located in Queens and Brooklyn respectively. The 110th precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s. It has a non-fatal assault rate of 34 per 100, 000 people, with a rate of violent crimes per capita of less than one per cent. It also has a low incarceration rate, at 227 per100,000, which is less than half the city's rate of more than one in a million. It was ranked No. 1 in New York City in 2010 for per capita crime, and No. 2 in 2011 for overall crime in the city. In 2010, Corona had a crime rate of 4 murders and 29 rapes. In 2020, it had a violent crimes rate of 1 per cent, and a violent crime rate rate of 0.7 per cent of the population. It had a per capita rate of 2 murders and 4 rapes, and an overall violent crime rates of 1.2 per cent and 0.8 per cent respectively.

Fire safety

Corona is served by two New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire stations: Engine Co. 324/Satellite 4/Division 14 108-01 Horace Harding Expressway.Engine Co. 289/Ladder Co. 138 97-28 43rd Avenue and 104-01 East Side Highway. Corona is located on the East Side of Manhattan. It is located in the Queens borough of Queens, New York. It has a population of 1.2 million people. The city is home to two FDNY fire stations, one on each side of the East River and one on East Side Avenue. The FDNY operates two fire stations in Corona, including a ladder station. The fire station on Eastside Avenue is on the east side of Manhattan and the other on the west side of East Side Ave. It was built in the 1950s and is located near the intersection of East and West avenues. The station is located at 109-01 East Easterly Harding Eighth  Avenue and 102-1 East Street. It also has a fire station at 108-1 Horace H Harding Empire Hills, which opened in 1961. It is located on East Hollywood and East Wards 1 and 2 in the Bronx, New Jersey. The Fire Station on East City Street 1 is located on the east side of East Side Halls 1, and the West Side Street, which opened in 1974.

Health

As of 2018, preterm births are less common in Corona and Elmhurst than in other places citywide, but births to teenage mothers are more common. In 2018, 68% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," lower than the city's average of 78%. In 2020, the neighborhoods of Corona, East Elmhurst, Elmhurst, and Jackson Heights were most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City. As of August 10, these communities, with a cumulative 303,494 residents, had recorded 12,954 CO VID-19 cases and 1,178 deaths. The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, is 0.0077 milligrams per cubic metre (7.7×109 oz/cu ft), slightly higher than city average. For every supermarket in Corona, there are 16 bodegas. The Elmhurst Hospital Center is located in Elmhurst. The population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 25% in 2018, which is higher than theCitywide rate of 12%. In 2018 there were 83 pre term births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1, 000 citywide), and 25.8 births to. teenage mothers per1,000. live births, compared to 19.3 per 1k citywide. The percentage of residents who are obese is 20%, 9% are diabetic, and 23% have high blood pressure. In addition, 24% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.

Post office and ZIP Code

Corona is covered by ZIP Code 11368. The U.S. Post Office operates two post offices in Corona: the Corona A Station at 103-28 Roosevelt Avenue and the Elmhurst Station at 59-01 Junction Boulevard. The post office is located on the corner of Roosevelt and Elmhurst Avenues.

Religion

There are many churches representing diverse denominations. Antioch Baptist Church at 103rd Street and Northern Boulevard is a prominent African American congregation dating to 1936 with a membership of 700. Saint Leo Catholic Church, established in 1903 in what was once Sycamore Avenue and Elm Street, is a Roman Catholic church located at 104 Street and 49th Avenue in South Corona. In North Corona there is Our Lady of Sorrows Roman Catholic Church at 104th Street and 37th Avenue was built in 1899 largely out of red brick with a nearby convent of the same period. On January 4, 2015, the church burned; it was rebuilt in 2017. The Congregation Tifereth Israel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002. It conducts most of its masses in Spanish and attracts large weekend crowds. The church was built on the site of a former dairy farm. It is located on the corner of 103rd and Northern boulevards in Corona. It was listed in the U.S. Census Book as "Churches in Corona, California" in the 1940s and 1950s. It has since been torn down and replaced with a new church, which was completed in 2012. The new church was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and is called "Our Lady of the Rosary" It is on the same site as the original church. It dates back to 1903 and was built out of brick and has a current congregation of about 1,000 people. It's located on 104th St. and 47th Ave. in North Corona.

Education

Corona and Elmhurst's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is less than the rest of New York City. The Queens Public Library contains three branches in Corona. The Black Heritage Reference Center of Queens County includes books, periodicals, theses and dissertations, VHS videos, cassettes and CDs. The Adele Cohen Music Collection contains most of America's foremost black publications on microfilm. The UMI Thesis and Dissertations Collection consists of more than 1,000 volumes of doctoral and master dissertation concerning the African and African-American diasporas. The following public middle and high schools are located in Corona:IS 61 Leonardo da Vinci (grades 68)IS 61 High School for Arts and Business (grades 912) IS 61 The Langston Hughes Community Library and Cultural Center, located at 100-01 Northern Boulevard. The LeFrak City branch is located at 98-30 57th Avenue and serves Corona and the surrounding area. The Corona Public School System serves grades K-5 unless otherwise indicated: PS 14 Fairview, PS 16 Nancy Debenedittis, PS 19 Marino Jeantet, PS 28 Thomas Emanuel Early Childhood Center, PS 92 Harry T Stewart Sr, PS 143 Louis Armstrong, and PS 143 Pioneer Academy. The public high school in Corona is Corona Arts & Sciences Academy, which serves grades 68-912. It is located in the Corona section of Queens and serves grades 912-914. The school district has three high schools: Corona High, Corona Middle, and Corona High School.

  • Corona's population in Queens County, New York of 2,168 residents in 1900 has increased 5,94-fold to 12,883 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

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