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Paterson

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
      County: 
    Passaic County
      City: 
    Paterson
      County FIPS: 
    34031
      Coordinates: 
    40°54′53″N 74°09′46″W
      Area total: 
    8.71 sq mi (22.55 km²)
      Area land: 
    8.41 sq mi (21.79 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.29 sq mi (0.76 km²)
      Elevation: 
    112 ft (34.1376 m)
      Established: 
    1791; Incorporated April 11, 1831 (as township) Re; Incorporated April 14, 1851 (as city)
  •   Latitude: 
    40,9148
      Longitude: 
    -74,1673
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    07501
    07502
    07503
    07504
    07505
    07509
    07510
    07513
    07514
    07522
    07524
    07543
      GMAP: 

    Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
    159,732
      Population density: 
    18,986.3 residents per square mile of area (7,330.7/km²)
      Household income: 
    $36,629
      Households: 
    42,220
      Unemployment rate: 
    16.10%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%
      Income taxes: 
    8.97%

Paterson is the largest city in and the county seat of Passaic County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States census, its population was 159,732, rendering it New Jersey's third-most-populous city. Between 75 and 100 languages are spoken in Paterson, many of them Arabic dialects. Paterson is known as the Silk City for its dominant role in silk production during the latter half of the 19th century. It has since evolved into a major destination for Hispanic immigrants as well as for immigrants from Turkey, the Arab world, and South Asia. In 1919, Paterson was the site of historic labor unrest that focused on the six-month-long strike of silk workers. The city was a mecca for immigrant anarchists, who worked in its factories, particularly Italian weavers from the Naples region. It was one of eight locations of self-identified self-proclaimed anarchists that were bombed by the FBI during the Second World War. It is home to the Paterson Museum, housed in the former Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works near the Passaic Falls. In 1835, Samuel Colt began producing firearms inPaterson, but within a few years he moved his business to Hartford, Connecticut. In the late 1800s, the brewing industry was booming in the area. In 1890, Braun Brewery, Sprler & M. Graham Brewery, The Katz Brothers, and Burton Brewery merged to form Paterson Consolidated Brewing Company.

History

Paterson is the primary city name, but also Totowa are acceptable city names or spellings, Hillcrest on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The area of Paterson was inhabited by the Algonquian-speaking Native American Acquackanonk tribe of the Lenape, also known as the Delaware Indians. The Dutch claimed the land as New Netherlands, followed by the British as the Province of New Jersey. In 1791, Alexander Hamilton (1755/571804) helped found the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures (S.U.M.), which helped encourage the harnessing of energy from the Great Falls of the Passaic River. The society founded Paterson, which became the cradle of the industrial revolution in America. In the latter half of the 19th century, silk production became the dominant industry, earning it the nickname "Silk City" The city was the site of historic labor unrest that focused on the six-month-long Paterson silk strike of 1913 that demanded the eight-hour day and better working conditions. In 1933, Paterson constructed Hinchliffe Stadium, an Art Deco concrete stadium. Originally called City City, it was renamed in honor of Mayor John V. Hinch liffe and his uncle, John. The New York Black Yankees played at the stadium from 1933 to 1937. Once the richest town in the United States, by 1983, the town that had called itself Silk City, the Iron City, and the Cotton City, was in economic ruin. In 2020, 25.2% of residents lived in poverty, according to a New Jersey Historical Commission report.

Geography

Paterson is at the bottom part of Passaic County, which is near the north edge of New Jersey, as a county that spans some hilly areas and has dozens of lakes. The Great Falls Historic District is the most famous neighborhood in Paterson because of the landmark Great Falls of the Passaic River. Downtown Paterson is the main commercial district of the city and was once a shopping destination for many who lived in northern New Jersey. The city has attempted to revitalize the area in recent years, including the installation of period lamp posts and the conversion of old industrial buildings into apartments and retail venues. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Riverside and Totowa. Paterson borders the municipalities of Clifton, Haledon, Hawthorne, Prospect Park, Totowa and Woodland Park (formerly West Paterson), and both Elmwood Park (formerly East Paterson) and Fair Lawn in Bergen County. The county covers a region about 30 × 20 miles wide (48 × 32 km). The region is split by major roads, including portions of Interstate 80, which runs through Paterson (see map at left). The Garden State Parkway (GSP) cuts across the south of Paterson, near Clafton, New Jersey, The Passaic river winds northeast past Totowa into Paterson where the river then turns south to Passaic town, on the way to Newark, further south. Eastside Park and what is commonly known as Upper Eastside are located in the Paterson's 3rd Ward.

Demographics

By 2020, Paterson had the second-largest Muslim population in the United States by percentage. Nearly 100 languages were spoken in Paterson, many of them Arabic dialects. Dominican Americans have become the city's largest ethnic group. Puerto Rican population has established a highly significant presence as well. Paterson has the highest percentage of disabled persons of any city with more than 100,000 residents, with about 30% of males and 29% of females not classified as poor listed as having a disability. Same-sex couples headed 290 households in 2010, a decline from the 349 counted in 2000. The 2010 United States census counted 146,199 people, 44,329 households, and 32,715 families in the city. The city was the second most densely populated city in the U.S. after New York City. The majority of Latinos are Puerto Rican, Dominican American, Peruvian 5% and Colombian 3%. There were 44,710 households out of which 40% were out of Hispanic or Latino people of any race or more. The median household income was $34,086 (with a margin of error of ±$1,705) and the median family income of $39,003 (±$2,408) in 2010. The per capita income for the city was $15,543 (± $467) about 24.1% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.0% of those under age 18 and 25.4%.

Economy

Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. The city was selected in 1994 as one of a group of 10 zones added to participate in the program. Shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. Established in September 1994, the city's Urban Enterprise zone status expires in September 2025. The UEZ program plays a pivotal role in the city’s economic revitalization. It was established to encourage employment within the UEZ, among other benefits to encourage business growth and development. The program was established in 1994 to encourage businesses to locate in the Urban Enterprise Zones, which were selected by a panel of business leaders. It has been in existence since 1994 and covers 37 municipalities in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. It is one of the largest economic development programs of its kind in the United States. It also provides tax credits to businesses that locate in UEZs. The state of New York and New Jersey are the only two states to offer such a tax credit to businesses located in the U.S. Urban Enterprise zones are also available in the state of Washington and the District of Columbia, as well as the State of New Jersey and the County of Columbia. The U.K. has the largest number of UEZ zones in the nation, with 32.

Arts and culture

Lambert Castle was built in 1892 as the home of the owner of a prominent silk mill in Paterson, New Jersey. In the late 1990s, the Castle underwent a multi-million-dollar restoration and all four floors of the building were developed into a museum and library. The tower is part of the Garret Mountain Reservation and renovations were completed in 2009 to restore the tower to the original condition as built in 1896. The Great Falls of the Passaic are part of New Jersey's national park system. The city of Paterson has a number of public parks, including Eastside, Westside, and Pennington Parks, as well as Wrigley, Clemente, and People's Park. The park system was established in 1872 and has a history of more than 100 years. It is one of the oldest public parks in the United States, along with New York City's Central Park, which dates back to the 18th century. It was the site of the first public park in New Jersey, which opened in 1876. The state's first public library was opened in 1903, and has since become a major tourist attraction in the city. The library is located in a building that was once owned by the family of Thomas Rogers, the founder of the Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works. The building was later sold to the County of Passaic, which used it for administrative offices. The county is now responsible for the operation and management of the museum. The museum also offers educational programs for elementary and middle school students.

Government

The City of Paterson operates under a Plan-D Mayor-Council form of government. The Mayor is elected at-large for a four-year term and is responsible for administering the City's activities. The City Council is comprised of nine members, six of whom are elected through the use of the ward system. Paterson is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 35th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Paterson had been part of the 8th Congressional district of the New Jersey Redistricting Commission. The city is one of 71 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form. The average property tax bill is $8,087, the lowest in Passaic County, compared to an average bill of $10,005 statewide. For the 117th U.S. Congress, New Jersey is represented by Bill Pascrell (D) Paterson's Ninth Congressional District is represented in the Ninth District of the United States House of Representatives. The mayor is Andre Sayegh, whose term of office ends June 30, 2026. The previous mayor was Jane Williams-Warren, who was serving on an interim basis following the resignation of José "Joey" Torres. Torres pleaded guilty to corruption charges in September 2017 that required him to leave office and to serve a prison term of five years. In July 2018, Alaa "Al" Abdelaziz was selected to fill the Sixth Ward seat expiring in June 2020 that had been held by Torres until he stepped down to take office as mayor.

Emergency services

The City of Paterson is served by the Paterson Police Department. The Paterson Fire Department operates out of seven fire stations with a total of 400 employees. St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center is a large institution providing comprehensive emergency services as well as non-emergency medical care to Paterson and the surrounding community. In April 2011, Paterson laid off 125 police officers, nearly 25% of the total force in the city, due to severe budget constraints caused by a $70 million deficit. At the same time, the Guardian Angels, a New York City-based volunteer citizen safety patrol organization, began operating in Paterson at the invitation of the Mayor. The Passaic County Sheriff's Office Courts Division in the Passaic Co. Courthouse is located in the jail. The jail, originally constructed in 1957, can accommodate 1,242 inmate beds. The city is home to the New Jersey State Police Department, which is responsible for the state's most serious crimes. The department is part of the Metro USAR Strike Team, which consists of nine North Jersey fire departments and other emergency services divisions working to address major emergency rescue situations. In addition to local services, the city is also home to a number of state and federal law enforcement agencies, including the FBI, DEA, and New Jersey Division of Criminal Justice, which has a presence in the state. The state's largest city is Newark, New Jersey, with a population of 2.2 million. The mayor of PatERSON is a former New Jersey state senator.

Transportation

As of May 2010, Paterson had a total of 195.28 miles (314.27 km) of roadways. By road, the city is served directly by Interstate 80, as well as State Routes 4, 19, and 20. The Broadway Bus Terminal, also in downtown, is the terminus for many NJ Transit bus lines. Plans are being developed for a new commuter rail service on the existing NYS&W line, which is currently single-tracked. The Passaic-Bergen Rail Line plans to have five stops in Paterson. Private, independent jitney buses (guaguas or dollar vans) connect Paterson with neighboring communities along Route 4 and provide transportation to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal and George Washington Bridge Bus Station in Manhattan. These buses run at high frequency but do not have formal, published schedules. Many buses stop at or near City Hall, going to various points in the area, including New York and the neighboring communities. The city is also served by the NJ Transit Main Line commuter train service to Hoboken, with the station located in Downtown Paterson, and the 72 to Newark, with local service provided on the 74, 702, 703, 704, 707, 712, 722, 742 (Saturday only), 744, 746, 748, 770, 970 and 971 routes. It is located on the New Jersey Turnpike, which connects the city to New York City.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey = 25.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 20. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Paterson = 3.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 159,732 individuals with a median age of 32 age the population dropped by -2.10% in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 18,986.3 residents per square mile of area (7,330.7/km²). There are average 3.36 people per household in the 42,220 households with an average household income of $36,629 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 16.10% of the available work force and has dropped -4.60% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 14.70%. The number of physicians in Paterson per 100,000 population = 177.2.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Paterson = 50.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 30.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 121. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 210. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 47, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 29.07%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 57 years with median home cost = $196,520 and home appreciation of -13.54%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $25.05 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $10,817 per student. There are 10.3 students for each teacher in the school, 640 students for each Librarian and 1468 students for each Counselor. 3.09% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 5.32% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 2.76% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Paterson's population in Passaic County, New Jersey of 105,171 residents in 1900 has increased 1,52-fold to 159,732 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.93% female residents and 49.07% male residents live in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 53.39% are single population.

  • 26.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Paterson require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    58.05% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 20.71% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 12.11% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.02% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, 29.07% are owner-occupied homes, another 62.74% are rented apartments, and the remaining 8.19% are vacant.

  • The 46.93% of the population in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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