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Clifton

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
      County: 
    Passaic County
      City: 
    Clifton
      County FIPS: 
    34031
      Coordinates: 
    40°51′44″N 74°09′37″W
      Area total: 
    11.43 sq mi (29.60 km²)
      Area land: 
    11.28 sq mi (29.20 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.15 sq mi (0.40 km²)
      Elevation: 
    131 ft (40 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated April 26, 1917
  •   Latitude: 
    40,869
      Longitude: 
    -74,1505
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    07011
    07012
    07013
    07014
    07015
      GMAP: 

    Clifton, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
    90,296
      Population density: 
    8,008.5 residents per square mile of area (3,092.1/km²)
      Household income: 
    $57,539
      Households: 
    29,083
      Unemployment rate: 
    10.30%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%
      Income taxes: 
    8.97%

Clifton is a city in Passaic County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States census, the city had a total population of 90,296, retaining its position as the state's 11th-most-populous municipality. For 2019, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated a population of 85,052, an increase of 1.1% from the 2010 enumeration. Clifton was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 26, 1917, replacing Acquackanonk Township, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier. The city is located 10 miles (16 km) west of New York City off both Route 3 and Route 46. It was the primary location on the East Coast where animals from poultry, horses and cattle to zoo animals were held in quarantine after being brought into the United States. The town still boasts two small working farms that sell fresh organic vegetables in-season:Ploch's Farm: A family-run 15-acre farm since 1867, and City Green Farm Eco Center: An organic farm and 501(c)3 non-profit focused on promoting urban farming and education since 2004. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Albion Place, Allwood, Athenia, Botany Village, Delawanna, Dutch Hill, Lakeview, Main Mall, Montclair Heights, Richfield, Rosemawr, Styertowne, West Clifon and Yanticaw Pond.

History

Clifton was an agricultural hub and home to the U.S. Animal Quarantine Station. The station operated in Clifton until the late 1970s, when the facility was relocated to Stewart International Airport. The town still boasts two small working farms that sell fresh organic vegetables in-season: Ploch's Farm and City Green Farm Eco Center. The city is less than 15 miles directly west from Midtown Manhattan and is located on the New Jersey Turnpike, which was built in 1838. The New Jersey River runs through the western part of the city. The Passaic River was once a major water supply for the city and was used as a source of water for the Newark and Hoboken area of New Jersey. The Newark Branch of the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad ran through the city in the 1800s and 1900s. It was the primary location on the East Coast where animals from poultry, horses and cattle to zoo animals were held in quarantine after being brought into the United States to ensure that the animals were not infected with diseases that could be spread in the US. The name of the town is derived from the cliffs of Garrett Mountain which borders the Montclair Heights neighborhood in the western parts of the City. The modern name of "Cl ifton" was derived from that mountain and is now the name of a neighborhood in Montclair, New Jersey, which is located in the city's western suburbs. The City of Cl ifton was founded in 1679 by indigenous leader, Captahem, who gifted a deed for 11,000 acres along the shores of the Passaic river.

Geography

Clifton is located 10 miles (16 km) west of New York City off both Route 3 and Route 46. The city borders the municipalities of Little Falls, Passaic, Paterson and Woodland Park in Passaic County; Elmwood Park, Garfield, Lyndhurst and Rutherford in Bergen County; and Bloomfield, Montclair and Nutley in Essex County. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Albion Place, Allwood, Athenia, Botany Village, Delawanna, Dutch Hill, Lakeview, Main Mall, Mont Clair Heights, Richfield, Rosemawr, Styertowne, West Clifton and Yanticaw Pond. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.43 square miles (29.60 km²) of land and 0.16 square mile (0.41 km²), including 11.27 square miles of water (1.37%). The city is also served by the Garden State Parkway, Route 19 and Route 21. It is located on the New Jersey Turnpike, which runs from Long Island to New York. The New Jersey River runs through the center of the city, connecting to the Hudson River and the Long Island Expressway. It also runs through Montclair Heights, a suburb of Montclair, where the city's mayor is a former mayor of the same name. The town has a population of 2,000, making it one of the smallest towns in New Jersey.

Demographics

The 2010 U.S. census counted 84,136 people, 30,661 households, and 21,125 families in the city. Same-sex couples headed 243 households in 2010. The median household income was $62,271 (with a margin of error of +/ $3,208) and the median familyincome was $76,070 (+/ $2,883) In the city the population was 21.6% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The racial makeup of the city was 66.22% White, 2.89% African American, 0.24% Native American, 6.44% Asian,0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.60% from other races, and 4.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.92% (26,854) of the population. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.33. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.4 males. About 7.2% of families and 9.3%. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 10.3. of those age 65 or over. The city had a median income of $50,19, and the income for a family was $40,688.

Economy

Clifton is a suburb of New York City, just over 10 miles to the West of the city. It boasts numerous national and local shopping options like Trader Joe's, Home Depot, Target, Stew Leonard's Wine Shop and countless specialty grocers and retailers. The world headquarters of Comodo, a leading cybersecurity company, is in Clifton. The now defunct Linens 'n Things, a bedding and home furnishings company, was headquartered in Cl ifton before its 2009 bankruptcy. Many low-rise office buildings, containing professional tenants such as law and accounting firms and medical practices, are found on the stretch ofclifton Avenue between City Hall (at Van Houten) and Allwood Road. The city's largest shopping center is the Clifon Commons, a shopping center with a gross leasable area of 448,848 square feet (41,699.3 m2) and a 16-screen AMC movie theater, with a total area of 1.6 square miles (3.2 km) The city is home to the New York State Psychiatric Center, a psychiatric hospital with a population of over 2,000. It is also home to a number of other hospitals, including the St. Luke's Medical Center, which was founded in the 1930s as a psychiatric facility. The New York Police Department is based in the city's East Village, which has a total population of more than 1,800. It has a branch of the NYPD's New York Division of Criminal Investigation.

Government

The city of Clifton is governed under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law. The governing body is the City Council, which is comprised of seven council members, with all positions elected at-large on a non-partisan basis to concurrent four-terms of office as part of the November general election. The mayor is chosen by the city council, with the position traditionally given to the top vote getter in the previous election. ClIfton is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district. New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark) and Bob Menia (Harrison) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by N. Gill (D, Montclair) and Thomas Giblin (D), respectively. Passaic County is governed by a Board of Commissioners, comprised of 7 members who are elected to staggered three-year terms on a partisan basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. The board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members to serve for a one-year term in January every year. As of 2022, the city's mayor is James Anzaldi, whose term of office ends December 31, 2022.Clifton's municipal elections had been held in May as required for municipalities conducting non- partisan elections. The city is one of seven municipalities (of the 564) statewide governed under this form. Following the passage of a state law in 2010 allowingNon-partisan elections to be shifted to November, Clifon voters were overwhelmingly in favor of the move in a non.-binding referendum held in November 2013.

Education

Clifton Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 202021 school year, the district, comprised of 18 schools, had an enrollment of 10,514 students and 870.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentteacher ratio of 12.1:1. Clifton High School was the largest single-facility high school in New Jersey in 2006. Private schools include Saint Philip Preparatory School, a K8 elementary school that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. St. Andrew the Apostle School was closed after the 2017-2018 school year due to financial challenges and a decline in the number of students registering for the new school year. The Academy of St. James and St. Brendan Catholic School, which opened in 1946, was closed in 2018 and merged with the Academy ofSt. James in Totowa, with the merged school to be called The academy ofStJames and St Brendan. The school was recognized in 2008 by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program for its education based on the classics to students in sixth through eighth grades. The district's high school is Christopher Columbus Middle School (1,172; 6-8), and Woodrow Wilson Middle School and Clifon High School (2,891; 9-12) The district also has a middle school and a high school that are part of the New Jersey School for the Deaf and Blind.

Emergency services

The Clifton Police Department employs 159 sworn officers, 20 public safety telecommunicators, 12 civilians and 25 part-time special officers. The department is led by Chief Mark Centurione, who was sworn into the position in May 2016. Hatzolah of Passaic/Clifton EMS is a volunteer service that primarily covers the Passaic Park neighborhood of Passiac and parts of Clifon. The fire department operates a fleet of five engines, two ladders, three basic life support ambulances 24/7, three marine rescue boats, a foam tender, a light rescue truck, plus a haz-mat unit which are cross staffed. The police department and the fire department are both part of the New Jersey Department of Public Safety, which was formed in the 1970s and is now under the jurisdiction of the Bergen County Sheriff's Office. The sheriff's office is based in Passaic and has its headquarters in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and has a substation in Union City. The town has a population of about 2,000 and the police department has a police force of 159 officers. It also has a fire department of 143 career firefighters, as well as a fire marshal and a hazardous materials unit. It is also home to a volunteer ambulance service that covers Passaic, Elizabeth, Union City and Union City, with a third ambulance on standby to assist neighboring towns such as Elizabeth and Elizabeth. The city's fire department is headed by Chief Frank S. Prezioso.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 199.94 miles (321.77 km) of roadways, of which 145.43 miles (234.05 km) were maintained by the municipality. Route 3 (which crosses from east to west along the southern portion of the city), Route 21 (along the Passaic River), Route 19 in the city's northwest and U.S. Route 46. The Garden State Parkway crosses the city, connecting Bloomfield in Essex County to the south to Elmwood Park in Bergen County in the north. Until 1966, the Newark Branch of the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad served several stations in the town, Athenia (Colfax Avenue) and Allwood. The Newark Branch tracks are now used for freight only, operated by Norfolk Southern.NJ Transit provides bus service on the 190, 191, 192 and 195 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, to Newark on the 13, 27 and 72 routes. DeCamp Bus Lines provides local service on. the 33 and 66 routes tothe Port Authoritybus Terminal in midtown Manhattan. The New Jersey Turnpike Authority provides 4.50 miles (7.24 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. The city is home to the Newark International Airport, which is one of the busiest airports in the United States. The airport is located on the East River, which runs from New Jersey to New York City. It is the only airport in New Jersey with a direct connection to the East Coast.

In popular culture

The character of Rupert Pupkin in Martin Scorsese's film The King of Comedy comes from Clifton. Yogi Berra and Phil Rizzuto owned a bowling alley called "Rizzuto-Berra Bowling Lanes" Baseball Hall of Famer Honus Wagner played his last two seasons (1896-1897) of minor league baseball for the Paterson Silk Sox. The Upper Montclair Country Club was home to the NFL Golf Classic and the Thunderbird Classic. The walls are full of graffiti, known to some as the "Gates of Hell" The town's old sewerage system is accessible to intrepid urban explorers and evidently not actively maintained by any municipal authority or utility. It is featured in Weird New Jersey, a web series about New Jersey's history and culture. The town is located on the Hudson River near the New Jersey Turnpike and New York City's East River. It has a population of about 3,000. The city is located in the Bergen County section of New Jersey and is about 30 miles from New Jersey City, the state's largest city. It was once part of the Hudson Valley region of New York and New Jersey. Its population was about 4,000 at the time of the turn of the 20th century, when the town was first incorporated. The current population is about 2,500. The area is about 20 miles from the New York city center and is in the northern section of the Bergan County region of the state.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Clifton, Passaic County, New Jersey = 25.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 20. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Clifton = 3.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 90,296 individuals with a median age of 40.8 age the population dropped by -0.95% in Clifton, Passaic County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 8,008.5 residents per square mile of area (3,092.1/km²). There are average 2.67 people per household in the 29,083 households with an average household income of $57,539 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.30% of the available work force and has dropped -4.60% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 20.50%. The number of physicians in Clifton per 100,000 population = 177.2.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Clifton = 50.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 30.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 121. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 205. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 47, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Clifton, Passaic County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 58.79%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 57 years with median home cost = $308,090 and home appreciation of -9.18%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $25.05 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $7,726 per student. There are 10.6 students for each teacher in the school, 626 students for each Librarian and 394 students for each Counselor. 4.69% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.16% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.51% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Clifton's population in Passaic County, New Jersey of 46,875 residents in 1930 has increased 1,93-fold to 90,296 residents after 90 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.84% female residents and 48.16% male residents live in Clifton, Passaic County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Clifton, Passaic County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 44.09% are single population.

  • 26.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Clifton require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.91% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.11% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.55% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.07% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Clifton, Passaic County, New Jersey, 58.79% are owner-occupied homes, another 37.26% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.95% are vacant.

  • The 46.93% of the population in Clifton, Passaic County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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