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Long Branch

City of Long Branch

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
      County: 
    Monmouth County
      City: 
    Long Branch
      County FIPS: 
    34025
      Coordinates: 
    40°17′43″N 73°59′24″W
      Area total: 
    6.29 sq mi (16.28 km²)
      Area land: 
    5.12 sq mi (13.27 km²)
      Area water: 
    1.16 sq mi (3.01 km²)
      Elevation: 
    23 ft (7 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated April 11, 1867 (as Long Branch Commission ) Re; Incorporated April 8, 1903 (as city)
  •   Latitude: 
    40,2987
      Longitude: 
    -73,9905
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    07740
      GMAP: 

    Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
    31,667
      Population density: 
    6,180.1 residents per square mile of area (2,386.1/km²)
      Household income: 
    $45,401
      Households: 
    12,983
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.70%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%
      Income taxes: 
    8.97%

As of the 2010 U.S. census, the city's population was 30,719, reflecting a decline of 621 (-2.0%) from the 31,340 counted in the 2000 census. Long Branch was a beach resort town in the late 18th century, named for its location along a branch of the South Shrewsbury River. It was visited by presidents Chester A. Arthur, James A. Garfield, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley, Woodrow Wilson and Donald Trump. Seven Presidents Park, a park near the beach, is named in honor of the visits of the first seven of these presidents. The famous Long Branch Saloon of the American Old West, located in Dodge City, Kansas, was given its name by its first owner, William Harris, who had moved west from Long Branch, New Jersey, his hometown. The Garfield Tea House, constructed from railroad ties that had been laid to carry Garfield's train, is in Elberon. In the 1930s, Long Branch used government policies to enforce racial segregation against Blacks at local beaches, assigning all black applicants for beach passes to a single, segregated beach. On October 29, 2012, Long. Branch was one of many shore communities that were devastated by Hurricane Sandy. The boardwalk was destroyed, and rebuilding it began in April 2016, making it the last boardwalk damaged by Sandy to be rebuilt by Sandy. Many people from New York City travel or settle into the area to escape the crowded city and enjoy Long Branch's beaches.

History

Long Branch is the primary city name, but also Elberon are acceptable city names or spellings, West End on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of Long Branch . Long Branch was a beach resort town in the late 18th century, named for its location along a branch of the South Shrewsbury River. It was visited by presidents Chester A. Arthur, James A. Garfield, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley, Woodrow Wilson and Donald Trump. The Church of the Presidents, where these same seven presidents worshiped, is the only structure left in Long Branch associated with them. The famous Long Branch Saloon of the American Old West, located in Dodge City, Kansas, was given its name by its first owner, William Harris, who had moved west from Long Branch, New Jersey. Long Branch still continues to be a popular resort area. Many people from New York City travel or settle into the area to escape the crowded city and enjoy Long Branch's beaches. On October 29, 2012, Long Branch was one of many shore communities that were devastated by Hurricane Sandy. The boardwalk was destroyed; the city began rebuilding it in 2015, and it reopened in April 2016, making it the last boardwalk damaged by Sandy to be rebuilt. The city's position between Long Beach Island and Sea Bright gave Long Branch a much larger wall of security because it could not be engulfed by surrounding waters. Despite this mainland advantage, there were still several instances of flooding inlong Branch during the storm. In the early 20th century Long Branch lost much of its activity as a theater spot. In addition, the opening of the Garden State Parkway in the mid-1950s allowed shore visitors to access points further south.

Geography

Long Branch takes its name from the "long branch" or south branch of the Shrewsbury River. There are several distinct neighborhoods and areas in the City of Long Branch. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Branchport, East Long Branch, Elberon (served as ZIP Code 07740), Hollywood, Kensington Park, Northlong Branch, Pleasure Bay and West End. Long Branch is home to Seven Presidents Oceanfront Park, named for the United States presidents who visited the fashionable resort town, including Ulysses S. Grant, Chester A. Arthur, Rutherford Hayes, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, Woodrow Wilson and James Garfield. In years past, Long Branch was a major destination for beachgoers, along with Asbury Park, and enjoyed an upscale connotation with tourists. The defining moment marking the end of this era occurred on June 8, 1987, when the largest fire in the history of the city destroyed the landmark amusement pier and adjoining Haunted Mansion, "Kid's World" Amusement Park and other businesses. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 5.82 inches (148 mm) on August 27, 2011. The average annual extreme minimum air temperature is 3.9 °F (15.6 °C) During the winter months, the average annualExtreme Minimum Air Temperatures (EMT) is 5.9°F (21.1°C) The average seasonal snowfall total is 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 cm) and the average snowiest month is February. The plant hardiness zone is 7a.

Economy

Portions of the city are part of a joint Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ) with Asbury Park. The city was selected in 1994 as one of a group of 10 zones added to participate in the program. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the UEZ, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. Established in November 1994, the city's Urban Enterprise zone status expires in November 2025.Broadway Center is a planned entertainment and commercial hub of Long Branch, as envisioned by the City Government and Thompson Design Group, who created the Master Plan for the city. This complex is planned to offer retail shops, cafes, bars, restaurants and two performing arts theaters as well as 500 new residences sitting atop a 1,500 car parking garage. It will be designed by the architectural firms of Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum (HOK). In June 2013 the city approved designation of the area around its train station as a transit village, which can bring incentives for revitalization and denser development. There are several mid-rise buildings lining the oceanfront. In December 2013 another 12-story residential project was approved. In June 2012 the city agreed to a deal with a developer to build a high-rise apartment complex on the Long Branch waterfront. It is expected to be completed by the end of the year. The project will cost $100 million.

Demographics

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 31,340 people, 12,594 households, and 7,248 families residing in the city. The 2010 U.S. census counted 30,719 people, 11,753 households and 6,876 families. The median household income was $52,792 (with a margin of error of +/ $2,549) and the median family income was$56,778 (+/ $4,202) The per capita income for the borough was $30,381 (+/$2,212). About 11.5% of families and 14.5%. of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 9.6. of those age 65 or over. The racial makeup of the city was 68.03% White, 18.66% African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.64% Asian, 0,05% Pacific Islander, 7.08% from other races, and 4.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.67%. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.19. In the city the population was spread out, with 23.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older.

Government

The City of Long Branch is governed under the Mayor-Council (Plan A) form of municipal government under the Faulkner Act. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the five-member City Council. Monmouth County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis. In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 64.5% of the vote (5,421 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 34. 5% (2,897 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (81 votes), for a turnout of 59.3%. As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 13,442 registered voters in Long Branch, of which 4,293 (31.9%) were registered as Democrats, 1,783 (13.3%) was registered as Republicans and 7,358 (54.7%) wereregistered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered as Libertarians or Greens. For the 117th U.S. Congress, New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term end 2025). For the 2022-2023 session, the 11th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature isrepresented in the state legislature by Vin Gopal (D) and Marilyn Piperno (R).

Education

Long Branch's public schools are operated by the Long Branch Public Schools, serving children in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke. As of the 201819 school year, the district, comprising eight schools, had an enrollment of 5,786 students and 477.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentteacher ratio of 12.1:1. Long Branch schools offer free breakfast each morning for the students. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton closed the K8 Holy Trinity School in June 2006 due to declining attendance. With the start of the 2014-2015 school year, a realignment of the district closed West End School, converted Morris Avenue School for early childhood use and repurposed Audrey W. Clark School for alternative education. Seashore School is a private K8 school, with class size limited to 16 students. George L. Catrambone Elementary School was constructed at a total cost over $40 million for a facility that was designed to house 800 students in a facility covering 109,000 square feet (10,100 m2) for which construction began in 2012. The Academy of Alternative Programs, an alternative education program, is located in Long Branch and offers classes in English, Spanish, math, science, and social studies. The school district offers free summer programs for most of the summer.

Transportation

As of 2010, the city had a total of 89.49 miles (144.02 km) of roadways, of which 80.10 miles (128.91 km) were maintained by the municipality. Route 36 and Route 71 are the most significant highways that pass through the city. Long Branch is connected to New York City and Northern New Jersey via NJ Transit trains running on the North Jersey Coast Line. The Long Branch station marks the end of electrified trackage, where passengers continuing south must change to diesel-powered trains. In the past there were stops in the West End neighborhood and on Broadway, but they were closed to reduce travel time to New New York. Local bus transportation is provided by NJ Transit on the 831 and 837 routes. The city is located on the New Jersey Turnpike, which runs from Long Branch to New Jersey City and Newark to the East Coast. It is also on the Delaware River, which connects New Jersey with New York and New Jersey at the Port Authority Bus Terminal at New York/Newark. It has a population of 2.2 million. The New Jersey Department of Transportation has a fleet of more than 100,000 vehicles in Long Branch, including buses, trucks, cars, and trucks. It also operates a number of non-directional routes, such as the Route 36, Route 71, and Route 36/Shore Points routes, which connect the city to the rest of New Jersey and the New York area. There are no major airports in the city, but there are a few smaller airports in New Jersey.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey = 10.9. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 16. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Long Branch = 3.6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 31,667 individuals with a median age of 37.9 age the population grows by 3.55% in Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 6,180.1 residents per square mile of area (2,386.1/km²). There are average 2.49 people per household in the 12,983 households with an average household income of $45,401 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.70% of the available work force and has dropped -3.54% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.22%. The number of physicians in Long Branch per 100,000 population = 320.7.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Long Branch = 46.9 inches and the annual snowfall = 18.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 117. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 213. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 23.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 50, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 37.89%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 47 years with median home cost = $300,460 and home appreciation of -24.14%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $21.74 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $10,753 per student. There are 9.8 students for each teacher in the school, 810 students for each Librarian and 1619 students for each Counselor. 5.04% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 13.03% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.16% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Long Branch's population in Monmouth County, New Jersey of 18,399 residents in 1930 has increased 1,72-fold to 31,667 residents after 90 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.00% female residents and 49.00% male residents live in Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 53.22% are single population.

  • 30.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Long Branch require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    69.10% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 15.89% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.76% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.87% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey, 37.89% are owner-occupied homes, another 50.68% are rented apartments, and the remaining 11.42% are vacant.

  • The 65.73% of the population in Long Branch, Monmouth County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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