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Nutley

Township of Nutley

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
      County: 
    Essex County
      City: 
    Nutley
      County all: 
    Essex | Passaic
      County FIPS: 
    34013 | 34031
      Coordinates: 
    40°49′14″N 74°09′23″W
      Area total: 
    3.42 sq mi (8.86 km²)
      Area land: 
    3.37 sq mi (8.74 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.05 sq mi (0.12 km²)
      Elevation: 
    52 ft (16 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated February 18, 1874, as Franklin Township Re; Incorporated March 5, 1902, as Nutley
  •   Latitude: 
    40,8169
      Longitude: 
    -74,1571
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    07110
      GMAP: 

    Nutley, Essex County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
    30,143
      Population density: 
    8,939.2 residents per square mile of area (3,451.4/km²)
      Household income: 
    $75,466
      Households: 
    10,486
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.40%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%
      Income taxes: 
    8.97%

Nutley derived its name from the estate of the Satterthwaite family, established in 1844, which stretched along the Passaic River. The first European settler in the area, recorded in the minutes of a Newark town meeting in 1693, was a Dutch painter named Bastian Van Giesen. In 1981, the town was one of seven Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining four municipalities that had already made the change. The board track racing facility was used in the 1930s for racing midget cars. The township had a total area of 3.42 square miles (8.86 km²) as of the 2010 U.S. census. As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 30,143. unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Avondale, Franklin, Glendale and Yawaw. The municipalities of Belleville and Bloomfield in Essex County; Lyndhurst in Passaic County; and Clifton in Berantic County; the township borders Berantic and Passaic counties. The town is located on the New Jersey Turnpike, which runs from New Jersey to New York City. It has a population of 28,370 (2010 census) and a population density of 8,384 per square mile (3,237 per mile) The township is one of more than a dozen Essex County. municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid.

History

The first European settler in the area, recorded in the minutes of a Newark town meeting in 1693, was a Dutch painter named Bastian Van Giesen. During the late 1880s, painter Frank Fowler founded an artists' colony on The Enclosure, a dead-end street that is near the Third River. The board track racing facility was used in the 1930s for racing midget cars. Local resident Chris Economaki wrote extensively about the Nutley Velodrome in his autobiographical racing history Let Them All Go! Nutley's town historian, John Demmer, is the author of the book in the "Images of America" series titled Nutley. The Nutley Historical Society, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to serve the educational, cultural and historical needs of the community, is housed in a former town schoolhouse at 65 Church Street. Nutley is home to the National Museum of American History, which is open to the public on weekdays from 9am to 5pm and on the weekends from 8am to 4pm. The town's first major industry was the brownstone quarry in the Avondale section of Nutley, which was opened in the early 18th century. Mills situated along the Third river in the areas now known as Memorial Park I and Franklinville became Nutley’s second major industry. Henry Duncan built several mills throughout the town and established the village of Franklinville consisting of 30 homes and a few small businesses. One of Duncan's buildings has been modified and now serves as the town hall.

Geography

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Avondale, Franklin, Glendale and Yanticaw. The township borders the municipalities of Belleville and Bloomfield in Essex County; Lyndhurst in Bergen County; and Clifton in Passaic County. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 3.42 square miles (8.86 km²) of land and 0.05 square miles of water (1.37%), all of which was covered by water. It is one of the smallest towns in New Jersey in terms of population, with a population of 1,856. The population of the township was 1,788 at the 2010 Census. It was the largest township in the state, surpassing the previous record-holder by more than 100,000 people. It has a population density of 1.2 people per square mile (0.7/km²) and an area of 3.37 square miles (8.74 km²), including 3.37 square miles of land and 0.05 square miles (0.12 km² of water). The township is located in the northern part of New Jersey, near the New Jersey Turnpike and New York City. It also borders the counties of Bergen and Passaic, as well as the city of Hackensack. The town of Lyndhurst is in the eastern part of the county, in the borough of Passaic.

Demographics

As of the 2000 U.S. census, there were 27,362 people, 10,884 households, and 7,368 families residing in the township. The racial makeup of the township was 87.95% White, 1.87% African American, 0.05% Native American, 7.10% Asian,0.04% Pacific Islander, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.69% of the population. The median household income was $76,167 (with a margin of error of +/ $3,896) and the median family Income was $98,042 (+/ $4,394) The per capita income for the borough was $37,706 (-/ $1,918) About 3.1% of families and 4.3% of residents were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 5.9%) of those age 65 or over. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.10. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 86.0 males. In town the average household or population was 21.8 with 21.6% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 24.1%) from 24 to 44, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The township has a population of 28,370 people, with 11,789 housing units.

Economy

Nutley had been the U.S. headquarters of Hoffmann-La Roche and was the site of the creations of the medications Valium and Librium. Roche announced in June 2012 that operations at the site would end in 2013, leading to the elimination of 1,000 positions at the company. The facility would be shuttered by year end 2015. The $9 million paid by the company in local property taxes accounted for 9% of the township's tax revenues. The company had reached a peak of 10,000 employees on the site, and the site had hosted major research areas in oncology, virology and inflammation. The site had been located in Nutley since 1929, and was one of the major R&D sites for Roche, later becoming a major research center for the company, as well as a major manufacturing facility for Roche's products. It is located in the township of Nutley, New Jersey, and has a population of about 2,000. It has been the home of Roche's research and development facility since 1929. It was also the birthplace of the company's Valium, Librium, and other medications. It had been home to Roche's Research and Development Center for more than 30 years, until it moved to a new facility in 2000. The Roche facility was built in the 1970s and 1980s, and is located on a former industrial site in the Nutley area of New Jersey. It will be closed by the end of 2015, and will be replaced by a new building.

Parks and recreation

Nutley's parks include Booth Park, DeMuro Park, Father Glotzbach Park, Msgr Owens Park, Flora Louden Park, Kingsland Park, Memorial Park I, II, III, Nichols Park, and Rheinheimer Park. They offer fields for baseball, football, basketball, lacrosse, roller hockey, and soccer among other sports. The township hosts a weekly Market Walk and Talk beginning and ending at the township farmer's market where participants take a one-hour loop through the local scenic parks.

Government

Nutley has operated a commission form of government under the Walsh Act since 1912. The governing body is comprised of five commissioners, who are elected on a non-partisan basis to serve four-year concurrent terms. The commissioners also serve as department heads in addition to their legislative functions. Nutley is located in the 11th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 28th state legislative district. New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term end 2025) Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of County Commissioners. As of 2022, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. (D, Roseland), whose four- year term of office ends December 31, 2022. The Nutley Police Department provides law enforcement services. For the 117th U.S. Congress, Nutley's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Mikie Sherrill (D, Montclair). For the 2022-2023 session, the 28th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature isrepresented in the State Senate by Renee Burgess (D, Newark) and in the General Assembly by Ralph R. Caputo (D) and Cleopatra Tucker (D), both of whom are based in Nutley. The township is one of 30 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use the commissionform of government.

Education

The Nutley Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2020-2021 school year, the district, comprised of seven schools, had an enrollment of 4,041 students and 323.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentteacher ratio of 12.5:1. Schools in the district are Lincoln School, Radcliffe School, Spring Garden School, Washington School, andNutley High School. John H. Walker Middle School was renamed in 2009 to honor a long-time educator and principal in the township. The district's high school is Nutley High, which has 1,143 students in grades 912. It was formerly Franklin Middle School, which was named in honor of a former teacher and principal. The school district is part of the New Jersey Department of Education's New Jersey Early Childhood Education Program. It is the only district in the state to offer pre-K through 12th grade through the eighth grade. It also offers an alternative high school program for students in the ninth and tenth grades, called the Nutley Alternative School of the Arts, which offers a ninth and 10th grade program through the 11th grade level. It has a total of seven elementary schools and one middle school, as well as a high school, which serves students in ninth and 12th grades through the eleventh grade. In 2010, the school district had a student-to-teacher enrollment ratio of 13.7 to 1.

Transportation

Until 1966, the Newark Branch of the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad served the township with stations at Walnut Street, Highfield Street and at Franklin Avenue. The Newark Branch tracks are now used for freight only, operated by Norfolk Southern.NJ Transit provides bus service between the township and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 192 route, to Newark on the 13, 27, 72 and 74 routes. The Garden State Parkway clips the southwest corner of the township, entering in the south from Bloomfield before reentering Bloomfield in the north. The township has a total of 67.94 miles (109.34 km) of roadways, of which 57.00 miles (91.73 km) were maintained by the municipality, 7.71 miles (12.41 km) by Essex County, 2.45 miles (3.94 km)by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.78 miles (1.26km) by New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Route 21 follows the township's eastern border. The Township has a population of 2,816. It is located on the Delaware River, which flows into the Hudson River. It has an elevation of 1,822.5 metres (4,823.2 feet) and a population density of 1.7 per square mile (2.2 per square kilometre) per square foot (4.2/km) per mile (7.1/sq mi) of land.

Operation Nutley Cares

Bay St. Louis, Mississippi was devastated by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The city of 8,500 had at least 60% of its community completely destroyed by the storm. Monetary donations are still being accepted to help fund efforts to assist Bay St. Lous' residents.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Nutley, Essex County, New Jersey = 18.9. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 1. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Nutley = 3.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 30,143 individuals with a median age of 42 age the population dropped by -5.15% in Nutley, Essex County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 8,939.2 residents per square mile of area (3,451.4/km²). There are average 2.47 people per household in the 10,486 households with an average household income of $75,466 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.40% of the available work force and has dropped -3.41% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.38%. The number of physicians in Nutley per 100,000 population = 319.6.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Nutley = 50.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 30.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 121. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 205. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 47, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Nutley, Essex County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 64.71%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 60 years with median home cost = $345,020 and home appreciation of -6.37%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $28.54 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $8,947 per student. There are 13.7 students for each teacher in the school, 707 students for each Librarian and 468 students for each Counselor. 4.10% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 22.56% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 10.52% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Nutley's population in Essex County, New Jersey of 1,218 residents in 1900 has increased 24,75-fold to 30,143 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.30% female residents and 47.70% male residents live in Nutley, Essex County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Nutley, Essex County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 41.54% are single population.

  • 29 minutes is the average time that residents in Nutley require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    78.37% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 7.53% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 8.11% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.72% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Nutley, Essex County, New Jersey, 64.71% are owner-occupied homes, another 32.00% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.29% are vacant.

  • The 54.22% of the population in Nutley, Essex County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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