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East Orange

City of East Orange

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
    Essex County
    East Orange
      County FIPS: 
    40°45′54″N 74°12′42″W
      Area total: 
    3.93 sq mi (10.17 km²)
      Area land: 
    3.93 sq mi (10.17 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
    177 ft (54 m)
    Incorporated March 4, 1863
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    17,722.0 residents per square mile of area (6,842.5/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

As of the 2020 U.S. census, the city's population was 69,612. The city was the state's 20th most-populous municipality in 2010. The Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that the city’s population was 68,903 in 2021. East Orange shares borders with the Essex County municipalities of Newark to the east and south, South Orange to the southwest,Orange to the west, and Glen Ridge and Bloomfield to the north. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Ampere and Brick Church.East Orange is officially divided into five wards, but is also unofficially divided into a number of neighborhoods, still with many well maintained streets and homes. There are many large, old, shade trees in this neighborhood that are characteristic of the northern part of the city. Elmwood Park serves the city of East Orange, with tennis courts on the corner of Rhode Island Avenue and the Garden State Parkway to the south. The Grove Street Station of the former DL & W Railroad was located here at Grove and Main Streets. The Amper section was developed on land owned by Orange Water Works, after the construction of the Crocker Wheeler Company plant spurred development in the area. The area was named in honor of André-Marie Ampère, a pioneer in electrodynamics and reconstructed as a new Renaissance Revival station in 1907 and 1908. It is often grouped together with Ampee.


In 1666, a group of 30 of New Haven's families traveled by water to found "a town on the Passayak" River. The area was situated in the northeast portion of a land grant conveyed by King Charles II of England to his brother James, Duke of York. Since Carteret had been Royal Governor of the Isle of Jersey, the territory became known as "New Jersey" East Orange was reincorporated as a city on December 9, 1899, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier. The city was known, at one time, for the shade trees that lined the city's residential streets. This is still evident today as many of the tall trees still stand. The name Orange was adopted on June 7, 1780, when the townspeople of Newark Mountains officially voted to adopt the name Orange. On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected, but not until March 13, 1860 was Orange officially incorporated as aCity. South Orange was organized on January 26, 1861; Fairmount (later to become part of West Orange) on March 11, 1862; East Orange on March 4, 1863; and West Orange (including Fairmount), on March 14, 1863. East Orange is now a suburb of New York City. It was once known as Newark, but it was originally known as 'Newark Mountains' The city is now known as East Orange and is located in the New Jersey section of the Hudson River. It is the largest city in New Jersey.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 3.93 square miles (10.17 km²), all of which was land. East Orange is officially divided into five wards, but is also unofficially divided into a number of neighborhoods. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Ampere and Brick Church. The city shares borders with the Essex County municipalities of Newark to the east and south, South Orange to the southwest, Orange toThe west, and Glen Ridge and Bloomfield to the north. The East Orange Police Department is based at the East Orange police station, which is located in the city's southeastern part. The police department was founded in 1903 and has been in operation ever since. The department is now part of the New Jersey Department of Public Safety, which has its own police force and fire department. It is currently under the jurisdiction of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, and the New York City Police Department's New Jersey Division of Criminal Investigation. The New York Police Department has its headquarters in Newark, New Jersey. The Newark Police Department also has a station in the town of Bloomfield, New York, which was once known as Bloomfield-Newark and is now called Bloomfield. The Bloomfield Police Department was established in 1903, and has since been renamed the Bloomfield police department. The town's name was changed to Bloomfield after the town's first post office, which opened in 1903.


As of the 2000 United States census there were 69,824 people, 26,024 households, and 16,082 families residing in the city. The 2010 U.S. census counted 64,270 people, 24,945 households and 14,742 families. The racial makeup of the city was 4.13% (2,657) White, 88.51% (56,887) Black or African American, 0.39% (248) Native American, 0.72% (465) Asian, 0.,06% (38) Pacific Islander, 3.69% (2,370) from other races, and 2.50% (1,605) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.93% (5,095) of the population. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $40,358 (with a margin of error of +/ $1,873) and the median family income is $50,995 (+/ $2,877) The per capita income for the city is $20,298. About 17.8% of families and 21.4% of the residents were below the poverty line, including 32.5% of those under age 18 and 16.4%. The city's population was 89.46% Black or. African American, and 3.84% White.


Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. East Orange was selected in 1996 as one of a group of seven zones added to participate in the program. Recent efforts have been made to revitalize the commercial area, especially along Main Street and Evergreen Place. New apartments buildings & commercial space have been proposed and built over the last decade. Along South Harrison Street, new apartment buildings have gone up, while existing ones have been updated. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the UEZ, the city's Urban Enterprise zone status expires in June 2027. The main commercial avenues of the City are Central Avenue and Main Street, both of which flow east to west. The latter of which was disturbed by the construction of Interstate 280. The city's Downtown East Orange area is one of the fastest-growing areas in the state, with a population of more than 2,000. It is home to a number of restaurants, bars, nightclubs, and other entertainment venues, including the Hard Rock Cafe, which opened in 2007. It also has a successful sports team, the East Orange Pride, which has been in existence since the 1980s. The East Orange High School football team was founded in the 1970s. It was the first high school to win a state championship.

Parks and recreation

East Orange is served by five parks. Paul Robeson Stadium, located on North Clinton Street, hosts local sports teams and typically, the 4th of July fireworks celebration. The city owns East Orange Golf Course, located 10 miles away in Short Hills. East Orange is home to the East Orange High School football team, which won the state championship in 2010. The school is located in East Orange and has a football field, track and field, and a baseball field. The town also has a high school, where the football team won the district championship in 2008. The high school has a track, field and soccer field, which was built in the 1960s. It is also home to a golf course, which the city bought in the 1980s and has won several state championships in the 1990s.


East Orange is governed under the City form of New Jersey municipal government. The government is comprised of a mayor and a city council made up of ten members, two representing each of the city's five geographic political subdivisions called wards. As of 2022, the Mayor of East Orange, New Jersey is Democrat Theodore R. "Ted" Green, whose term of office ends December 31, 2025. The City Council performs the legislative functions of municipal government by enacting ordinances, resolutions or motions, and is responsible for review and adoption of the municipal budget that has been submitted by the mayor. Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of County Commissioners. East Orange is located in the 10th Congressional District and is part of the 34th state legislative district. New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark) and Bob Menendez (Harrison) for the 117th U.S. Congress. The 34th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D), and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D) and Britnee Timberlake (D). The County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr., whose four-year term begins in 2022. The county's Commissioners are Wayne L. Richardson and Carlos M. Pomares, both of whom are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election.


The East Orange School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2018-2019 school year, the district, comprised of 20 schools, had an enrollment of 10,072 students and 744.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentteacher ratio of 13.5:1. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke. The East Orange Public Library at one time included three branch buildings of the original 36 Carnegie-funded libraries in New Jersey. It has a collection of 344,000 volumes and circulates about 319,000 items annually from four locations. East Orange Community Charter School is a public charter school that operates independently of the school district under a charter granted by theNew Jersey Department of Education. It is located on the former campus of Upsala College (1,651; 912) and has a K12 madrasah that has been in East Orange since 2005. The school district is part of the South Orange-Hackensack School District, which also has 20 schools in the district. It was formed in the 1970s by the merger of the East Orange and Hackensack school districts. The South Orange school district was created in the 1980s. It also has a high school, East Orange Campus High School, which was founded in the 1990s. The high school is located in the former East Orange High School campus.


East Orange General Hospital is the only independent, fully accredited, acute care hospital in Essex County. The hospital was recently acquired by Prospect Medical Systems. East Orange is also home to the US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, also known as the East Orange VA Hospital. It is located on Tremont Avenue near S.Orange Ave. and serves many vets from the region. The city is home to one of New Jersey's largest hospitals, the New Jersey State Medical Examiner's Office, which has more than 1,000 employees. The New Jersey Department of Health and Human Services is the state's largest health care provider, with more than 4,000 staff members. The state's Department of Justice is the largest health provider, serving more than 3,000 patients. The county's largest hospital, the Essex County Medical Examiner’s Office, has over 1,200 staff members and serves more than 2,000 residents. The Essex County Health Department is the county's leading provider of mental health services, with nearly 1,500 staff members, including more than 200 nurses. The County Health Services Board has more about 1,100 staff members; the county has a number of community health centers, including the EastOrange VA Hospital, which serves many veterans from the city. The East Orange Medical Examiner has more information about the county’S health care system. The State Health Department has a network of more than 100 health care facilities across New Jersey, New York, New Jersey and New England, including several in New Jersey.


As of May 2010, the city had a total of 83.43 miles (134.27 km) of roadways. The Garden State Parkway passes through the city, connecting Newark in the south to Bloomfield in the north. The city is 7.8 miles (12.6 km) from Newark Liberty International Airport in the nearby cities of Newark and Elizabeth. New Jersey Transit operates two commuter rail train stations in East Orange, both located along the Morris & Essex Lines. The East Orange station is located beside the westbound lanes of Interstate 280, directly across its parking lot from East Orange City Hall. The Montclair-Boonton Line runs through the Ampere neighborhood of the city on the east, after splitting off from the Morris and Essex Lines just east of theCity line in Newark. Residents can use nearby Watsessing Avenue station in neighboring Bloomfield. The City of East Orange is located on the New Jersey Turnpike Authority's New Jersey-Newark Line. The New Jersey Department of Transportation has a contract to build a new toll-free phone line in the city that will connect the city to New York and New York City. The line will be completed by the end of the decade. It will be the first line to connect New York to the East Coast since the completion of the New York-New York Tunnel in 1998. The first line will connect New Jersey to the West Coast in 2010. The second line will link New York with New York in 2015.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey = 18.9. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 1. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in East Orange = 3.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 69,612 individuals with a median age of 35.2 age the population dropped by -7.03% in East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 17,722.0 residents per square mile of area (6,842.5/km²). There are average 2.64 people per household in the 24,116 households with an average household income of $39,752 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 13.50% of the available work force and has dropped -3.41% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.68%. The number of physicians in East Orange per 100,000 population = 319.6.


The annual rainfall in East Orange = 43.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 26.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 121. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 208. 86 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 24.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 47, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 23.42%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 56 years with median home cost = $139,390 and home appreciation of -17.81%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $28.54 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $11,118 per student. There are 11.5 students for each teacher in the school, 1138 students for each Librarian and 427 students for each Counselor. 4.92% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 10.72% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 4.54% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • East Orange's population in Essex County, New Jersey of 21,506 residents in 1900 has increased 3,24-fold to 69,612 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 54.10% female residents and 45.90% male residents live in East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 62.20% are single population.

  • 36.1 minutes is the average time that residents in East Orange require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    51.01% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.16% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 27.23% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.90% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey, 23.42% are owner-occupied homes, another 63.33% are rented apartments, and the remaining 13.25% are vacant.

  • The 54.22% of the population in East Orange, Essex County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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