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Lynn

Lynn, Massachusetts

  •   State: 
    Massachusetts
      County: 
    Essex County
      City: 
    Lynn
      County FIPS: 
    25009
      Coordinates: 
    42°28′N 70°57′W
      Area total: 
    13.52 sq mi (35.02 km²)
      Area land: 
    10.74 sq mi (27.81 km²)
      Area water: 
    2.78 sq mi (7.20 km²)
      Elevation: 
    30 ft (9 m)
      Established: 
    1629; Settled 1629; Incorporated (Town) 1629 Named 1637; Incorporated (City) May 14, 1850
  •   Latitude: 
    42,4647
      Longitude: 
    -70,9463
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    01901
    01902
    01903
    01904
    01905
    01910
      GMAP: 

    Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
    2,747
      Population density: 
    9,428.53 residents per square mile of area (3,640.41/km²)
      Household income: 
    $43,921
      Households: 
    31,989
      Unemployment rate: 
    10.10%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    5.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.30%

Lynn is the eighth-largest municipality in Massachusetts and the largest city in Essex County. Settled by Europeans in 1629, Lynn is the 5th oldest colonial settlement in the Commonwealth. An early industrial center, Lynn was long colloquially referred to as the "City of Sin", owing to its historical reputation for crime and vice. Today, however, the city is known for its contemporary public art, immigrant population, historic architecture, downtown cultural district, loft-style apartments, and public parks and open spaces. Lynn also is home to Lynn Heritage State Park, the southernmost portion of the Essex Coastal Scenic Byway, and the seaside, National Register-listed Diamond Historic District. The population was 101,253 at the time of the 2020 United States Census. The city's colonial seal features a colonial boot, which was worn by Continental Army soldiers during the Revolutionary War. Lynn was incorporated on May 14, 1850, and was an early colonial center of tannery and shoe-making. By 1816, a mail stage coach was operating through Lynn, operating between Salem and Boston. The Eastern Line Railroad left Lynn for Boston in 1836, leaving 23 stage coaches for each day of the day. Lynn is located on the Atlantic Ocean, 3.7 miles (6.0 km) north of the Boston city line at Suffolk Downs, and is part of Greater Boston's urban inner core. The area that is now known as Lynn was inhabited for thousands of years by Native Americans before English colonization in the 1600s.

History

Lynn is the primary city name, but also East Lynn are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Lynn, Massachusetts. Lynn takes its name from King's Lynn, Norfolk, England, in honor of Reverend Samuel Whiting (Senior), Lynn's first official minister. English colonists settled Lynn not long after the 1607 establishment of Jamestown, Virginia and the 1620 arrival of the Mayflower at Plymouth. The area today encompassing Lynn was originally incorporated in 1629 as Saugus, the Massachusett name for the area. The boots worn by Continental Army soldiers during the Revolutionary War were made in Lynn, and the shoe-making industry drove the city's growth into the early nineteenth century. In 1847 telegraph wires passed through Lynn, but no telegraph service station was built until 1858. The Eastern Railroad Line between Salem and East Boston opened on August 28, 1838. Later it specialized in specialized electrical components in aircraft and aircraft systems, with the two original GE plants being in Lynn and Schenectady, New York. The city's Atlantic coastline became a fashionable summer resort, and many of the structures built during this period are situated within the National Register-listed Diamond Register Historic District. Later, industrial activity led by Charles A. Shoe manufacturers, led by Abbott Barton and Silas Silas, expanded in Lynn. The first president of General Electric in Lynn was J. J. Coffin, who served as president of the General Electric plant in Lynn from 1883 to 1892. The General Electric Company merged with Edison Company of New York, forming General Electric, which was founded in 1892, to become General Electric.

Geography

Lynn is located in the southern part of Essex County and is 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Boston and 22 miles (35 km) west-southwest of Cape Ann. The city is bordered by Nahant to the southeast, Swampscott to the east, Salem to the northeast, Peabody to the north, Lynnfield to the northwest, Saugus to the west and Revere (in Suffolk County) to the south. More than one-quarter of the town's land is covered by the Lynn Woods Reservation, which takes up much of the land in the northwestern part of the city. There is no land connection to Revere; the only connection is the General Edwards Bridge across the Pines River. Lynn gets cold, snowy winters and warm, humid summers. The climate is similar to that of Boston. Lynn's water rights extend into Nahant Bay and share Lynn Harbor with Nahant. Lynn is loosely segmented into the following neighborhoods: Downtown, East Lynn, West Lynn, and Diamond District. Lynn has two beaches, Lynn Beach and King's Beach, both of which lie along NahantBay, as well as a boat ramp in Lynn Harbor. It is also home to several brooks and ponds, the largest being Breed's Pond and Walden Pond (which has no relation to a similarly named pond in Concord). Lynn is located beside Massachusetts Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, and is home to a number of nature reserves, such as the Lynn Forest.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 90,329 people, 33,310 households, and 20,988 families residing in the city. Males accounted for 49% and females 51%. The median household income in Lynn was $44,849. The per capita income was $22,982. In 1990 Lynn had 2,993 persons of Asian origin. In 2000 Lynn had 5,730 Asians, an increase of over 91%. In 2000 the city had 3,050 persons of Cambodian origin, making them the largest Asian subgroup in Lynn. The city had 1,112 persons of Vietnamese origin and 353 persons of Indian origin. From 1990 to 2000 the Vietnamese and Indian populations increased by 192% and 264%, respectively. By 2004 the Cambodian community in Lynn had established the Khmer Association of the North Shore. Lynn is one of ten Massachusetts cities with the largestAsian populations. In 2010, 24.9% of the city's population was under the age of 18 and 75.1% over 18. In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.7% Native American and 7.0% Asian ancestry. In 2013, the median household Income in Lynn is $44.849 and the per capita Income is $22.982, about 21.0 per cent of the population is considered below the poverty line. In 2009, the city was one of the top ten cities in Massachusetts with the highest percentage of Asian residents. In 2008, Lynn had the highest proportion of Asian Americans in the state.

Government

Lynn is represented in the state legislature by officials elected from the following districts: Massachusetts Senate's 3rd Essex district, Massachusetts House of Representatives' 8th Essex district. Massachusetts House of Representatives elected from the 10th and 11th Essex districts. Lynn is also represented by officials from the 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th Essex districts. Lynn's representatives are elected to the Massachusetts State Legislation from these districts.Lynn is represented in the state legislature by officials elected from the following  districts:Massachusetts Senate's 3rd Essex Districts; Massachusetts House of Represenatives 8, 9, 10, 11th Districts; Massachusetts Senate 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. Lynn is represented in the state legislature by officials elected from the following distributions: Massachusetts House of Representatives' 8 Eighth District and 9th District. Massachusetts Senate 6, 9th Districts: 7th, 10th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, 30th and 28th.

Arts and culture

Lynn as of 2022 is home to the Massachusetts Monarchs a minor league basketball team competing in The Basketball League. Fraser Field, municipal baseball stadium constructed in the 1940s under the Works Progress Administration, has housed many minor league baseball teams. Manning Field, the municipal football stadium, is the former site of Manning Bowl (c.1936 August 2005).Lynn Memorial Auditorium is the home of the Massachusetts Museum & Historical Society. The North Shore Navigators of the Futures Collegiate Baseball League play at Manning Field. The town is the site of the U.S. Army's Grand Army of the Republic Hall (Lynn, Massachusetts) and the National Museum of American History. The city is also home to a Masonic Hall, a Masonic lodge, and a community television station. It is the birthplace of the Boston Red Sox, who played in the city in the 19th century and early 20th century. It was also the home to an American football team, the St. Louis Cardinals, which won the World Series in 1881 and 1882. It has been home to many other sports teams, including the Boston Celtics, the New England Patriots, the Boston Bruins, and the New York Yankees. It also has a number of cultural institutions, including a theater, a library, a bowling alley, a restaurant, a theater and a dance club. It's also the location of the American Museum of Natural History, a museum, a radio station, a football stadium and a baseball stadium.

Parks and recreation

Lynn has 49 parks encompassing 1,540 aggregate acres, representing about 22% of the city's total 6,874-acre land area. 96% of all Lynn residents live within a 10-minute walk of a park or open space. Lynn Woods Reservation is the largest municipal park in New England, at 2,200 acres (8.9 km²) Several historical sites such as Stone Tower, Steel Tower, the Wolf Pits, and Dungeon Rock, believed to be the site of still-unrecovered pirate treasure, are located here. Ripley's Believe It or Not once claimed the fieldstone wall around the cemetery was the "second longest contiguous stone wall in the world", after the Great Wall of China. The city's parks and open spaces include:Lynn Shore Reservation, a stone observation tower with a view of Nahant, Boston, Downtown Lynn, Egg Rock, and the ocean. Goldfish Pond/Lafayette Park, a historic retreat of wild woodlands. Northern Strand Community Trail connects Lynn with Revere, Saugus, Malden, and Everett, Massachusetts. Pine Grove Cemetery, an intact rural cemetery, and one of the largest cemeteries in the country. The top of the structure houses a telescope, which is open for the public to use. Many schools have cross-country track meets in Lynn Woods, which are open to the public as well as the Lynn Commons area between North and South Common Streets.

Education

There are four high schools, two middle schools, and two alternative schools in the city. There is also an independent Catholic high school, St. Mary's High School. North Shore Community College has a campus in Beverly, with other campuses in New York City and Washington, D.C. The city also has a number of non-profit organizations, such as the YMCA, that help students through college and high school. There are no public schools, but there are several charter schools, including the KIPP Academy, which offers a variety of programs to help students with reading comprehension and vocabulary. The City of New York has one of the largest public school systems in the U.S., with more than 1,000 students in its public schools. It also has the largest number of private schools, with about 1,200 students in the public school system. It is the second largest city in the state, after Boston, and the third largest in the United States, after New Jersey. It has a population of more than 2,000,000 people, the majority of whom live in and around the town of Lynn, where the city was founded in 1858. The town has a history of being the site of several World War II-era battles, including one in which the city's first mayor was killed. It was also the location of the first public school, which opened in 1854. It's the only city to have its own airport, which was built in the early 1900s.

Infrastructure

Lynn has no Interstate or controlled-access highways, the nearest being U.S. Route 1 in Saugus and Lynnfield. Massachusetts State Route 1A, Route 107, Route 129 and Route 129A all pass through the city. Lynn is served by Lynn station on the Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system. An extension of the Blue Line to downtown Lynn has been proposed, but not funded. A ferry service to downtown Boston was operated in 2014, 2015, and 2017. The nearest airport is Boston's Logan International Airport, about 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Lynn. The Lynnway runs along the coastline, leading to a rotary, which links the road to Nahant Road and Lynn Shore Drive, which follows the coast into Swampscott. A number of other stations were open until the mid 20th century. Numerous MBTA bus routes also connect Lynn with Boston and the neighboring communities. The city is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs from Boston to Cape Cod. It is also the site of the Boston Marathon bombings, which took place on September 11, 2001, and October 11, 2002. The Boston Marathon is one of the world's busiest thoroughfares, with more than 100,000 people a day using the subway and the Boston and Providence Railroad. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority operates a number of bus routes in the city, including the Red Line, Blue Line, Green Line, and Green Line.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts = 36.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 13. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Lynn = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 2,747 individuals with a median age of 36.1 age the population dropped by -2.83% in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 9,428.53 residents per square mile of area (3,640.41/km²). There are average 2.66 people per household in the 31,989 households with an average household income of $43,921 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.10% of the available work force and has dropped -4.20% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.50%. The number of physicians in Lynn per 100,000 population = 202.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Lynn = 47.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 48 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 118. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 198. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 43.21%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 67 years with median home cost = $192,060 and home appreciation of -7.22%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.64 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $8,793 per student. There are 13.3 students for each teacher in the school, 987 students for each Librarian and 545 students for each Counselor. 6.50% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.39% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 4.68% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Lynn's population in Essex County, Massachusetts of 4,337 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,63-fold to 2,747 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.17% female residents and 48.83% male residents live in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 52.74% are single population.

  • 30.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Lynn require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    70.55% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.22% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 9.37% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.44% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts, 43.21% are owner-occupied homes, another 52.37% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.43% are vacant.

  • The 59.56% of the population in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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