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Newark

City of Newark

  •   State: 
    Delaware
      County: 
    New Castle County
      City: 
    Newark
      County FIPS: 
    10003
      Coordinates: 
    39°41′01″N 75°44′59″W
      Area total: 
    9.43 sq mi (24.42 km²)
      Area land: 
    9.43 sq mi (24.42 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
      Elevation: 
    128 ft (39 m)
      Established: 
    1694; Incorporated 1758
  •   Latitude: 
    39,6843
      Longitude: 
    -75,7167
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    19702
    19711
    19712
    19713
    19714
    19715
    19716
    19717
    19718
      GMAP: 

    Newark, New Castle County, Delaware, United States

  •   Population: 
    30,601
      Population density: 
    3,246.10 residents per square mile of area (1,253.27/km²)
      Household income: 
    $56,459
      Households: 
    9,515
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.90%
  •   Income taxes: 
    5.95%

Newark was founded by Scots-Irish and Welsh settlers in 1694. The town was officially established when it received a charter from George II of Great Britain in 1758. A grammar school, founded by Francis Alison in 1743, moved from New London, Pennsylvania to Newark in 1765, becoming the Newark Academy. Among the first graduates of the school were three signers of the Declaration of Independence: George Read, Thomas McKean, and James Smith. The Chrysler Newark Assembly plant was built in 1951 and employed 1,100 employees in 2008. The plant was closed in late 2008 due to the recession and limited demand for larger cars. Newark is located at 39°4101N 75°4459W (39.6837226, 75.7496572). It is located directly east of the Maryland state line, adjacent to the unincorporated community of Fair Hill, and is less than one mile south of the tripoint where Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania meet, known as The Wedge. The city has a total area of 9.19 square miles (23.8 km²), all of which is land. To the north and west are small hills, but south and east the land is flat (part of Newark falls in the Piedmont geological region and part of the city is in the Coastal Plain geological region, as is the majority of the land in the State of Delaware). To the south is Iron Hill Park, White Creek State Park, and North Clay Creek State Preserve.

History

Newark is the primary city name, but also Christiana are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Newark. Newark was founded by Scots-Irish and Welsh settlers in 1694. The town was officially established when it received a charter from George II of Great Britain in 1758. A grammar school, founded by Francis Alison in 1743, moved from New London, Pennsylvania to Newark in 1765, becoming the Newark Academy. Among the first graduates of the school were three signers of the Declaration of Independence: George Read, Thomas McKean, and James Smith. Newark Academy and Newark College joined together in the following year, becoming Delaware College. The Chrysler Newark Assembly plant was built in 1951 and employed 1,100 employees in 2008 which was down from 2,115 in 2005. The plant was closed in late 2008 due to the recession and limited demand for larger cars. Jamaican reggae star, Bob Marley worked as an assembly-line worker at the plant during his short stint in Delaware in the 1960s. The first church in Newark was built by Methodists in 1812 and the railroad arrived in 1837. A paper mill, the first sizable industrial venture in Newark, was created around 1798. This mill, eventually known as the Curtis Paper Mill, was the oldest paper mill in the United States until its closing in 1997. The state granted a charter to a new school in 1833, which was called Newark College. In 1913, pursuant to legislative Act, Delaware College came into sole ownership of the State of Delaware. The school would be renamed the University of Delaware in 1921.

Geography

Newark is located at 39°4101N 75°4459W (39.6837226, 75.7496572). It is located directly east of the Maryland state line, adjacent to the unincorporated community of Fair Hill, and is less than one mile south of the tripoint where Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania meet, known as The Wedge. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.19 square miles (23.8 km²) The city is surrounded by a large amount of public parklandover 12,000 acres (49 km²), although the city is located roughly halfway between Philadelphia (approximately 45 miles (72 km) away) and Baltimore (approximately 55 miles (89 km) Away from the city, Newark is part of densely populated New Castle County. The Fair Hill Natural Resources Management Area and large portions of White Clay Creek State Park consist of land formerly owned by the Du Pont family that was later ceded to the states of Maryland and Delaware, respectively. The Köppen Climate Classification system, Newark has a humid subtropical climate (abbreviated Cfa on climate maps). Winters are moderate-to-cold, with snow common in December, January and February. Summers are hot and humid, with frequent afternoon thunderstorms. The hardiness zone for Newark is 7a, which means it has a high risk of flooding in the summer and a low risk of fire in the winter.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 28,547 people, 8,989 households, and 4,494 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 87.29% White, 6.00% Black, 4.07% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, and 1.57% from two or more races. 16.8% were of Irish, 13.5% Italian, 13,4% German, 10.2% English and 5.1% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. The median household income was $48,758, and the median family income is $75,188. The per capita income for the city is $20,376. About 7.0% of those under age 18 and 7.1%. of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3%. of those age 65 or over. The city is located on the banks of the Red River, which flows into the Mississippi River. The Red River is a tributary of the Little Red River. It is the only river that runs through the city, and it is one of the few places in the U.S. that does not have a major river crossing. It was the site of the Battle of the Bulge, which took place in the early 1900s. The town's name is derived from the name of a local town, which was once known as "The Bulge" or "The Red River".

Education

Public education in Newark is managed by the Christina School District and, for regional vocational schools, the New Castle County Vocational-Technical School District. Newark is home to the University of Delaware (UD) Newark's Main Street is popular among the residents of Newark as well as the students of UD. Newark's public education system was grades 1-8 only, with Wilmington having the nearest public high school, and with the private Newark Academy being the private option. The Old Newark Comprehensive School served as the first publicHigh School for Newark. Newark Charter School is a state-chartered school offering grades K-12. Newark has a population of 1.2 million people (as of 2008), making it one of the largest cities in the United States with a population exceeding 1 million. The city has a per-capita income of $1.4 billion. The average household income is $80,000. Newark residents have a household income of about $100,000, making it the third largest city in the U.S. behind New York City and Los Angeles. The population of Newark is about 1.3 million (as of 2008). The city's population is about 2.4 million (or 1.6 million people) or 1.7 million (as in 2008). Newark has an average population of 2.7million (or 2.8 million in 2008) or 2.9 million (in 2008) people (or 3.1 million in 2007). Newark's population has a median age of about 25 years (or 4.4 years in 2007).

Sports

The University of Delaware offers 21 varsity sports, which compete in the NCAA Division I. The athletic teams at Delaware are known as the Fightin' Blue Hens, named after the Blue Hen of Delaware, the state bird of Delaware. The Delaware 87ers were a professional basketball team that played in the NBA G League (formerly the NBA D-League) as the affiliate of the Philadelphia 76ers. From 2013 until 2018, they played their home games at the Bob Carpenter Center in Newark. They moved to nearby Wilmington and the 76ers' new Fieldhouse, rebranded as the Delaware Blue Coats. As of 2022, it is also serves as the headquarters of Combat Zone Wrestling. In 2009, Sporting News ranked Newark 192 in its list of the 400 Best Sports Cities. Newark is a recognized center of US and international figure skating, mostly due to the many national, world, and Olympic champions (including many foreign nationals) that have trained at the University of Wilmington Figure Skating Club and at The Pond Ice Rink. The official mascot of the university is YouDee, named for Delaware's state bird, the blue Hen. It is also the home of the Delaware Flyers hockey team, who play in the National Champions Hockey League (NCHL) The Newark Devils are a high school football team that plays in the NCHL's East Division. The Newark Flyers are a semi-professional football team, playing in the East Division of the East Coast Conference (ECC).

Infrastructure

I-95 is the main interstate highway through the northeast urban seaboard corridor. Delaware Route 896 serves as the main north-south route through the Newark area. The closest airport to Newark is the Wilmington Airport in New Castle County. Newark has a Rail Station (Map, via Google Maps) located to the south of downtown near the University of Delaware campus that is serviced by both SEPTA and Amtrak on the Northeast Corridor. The City of Newark Parking Division regulates parking in the downtown area of Newark with 457 on-street parking meters and three off-street hourly parking lots. The city's electric department purchases electricity on the wholesale market, serving about 12,800 customers and maintaining 175 miles (282 km) of electric lines. The electric department is a member of the Delaware Municipal Electric Corporation. The water department provides water, recycling, trash collection, and wastewater service to the city. Newark's hospital system operates the Christiana Hospital System, which has 907 beds, and is located in the heart of the town. Newark is served by DART First State bus routes No. 6, 10, 33, 42, 46, 53, 55, and 302. OurBus provides intercity bus service from Newark to New York City and Washington, D.C., stopping at a park and ride lot at the intersection of DE 4 and DE 896. There is also a UNICITY bus, run jointly through the city and the university, free for everyone to ride, which acts as a community circulator.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Newark, New Castle County, Delaware = 9.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 12. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Newark = 4.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 30,601 individuals with a median age of 24.7 age the population grows by 5.06% in Newark, New Castle County, Delaware population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 3,246.10 residents per square mile of area (1,253.27/km²). There are average 2.41 people per household in the 9,515 households with an average household income of $56,459 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.90% of the available work force and has dropped -7.97% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 17.16%. The number of physicians in Newark per 100,000 population = 245.7.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Newark = 43.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 11.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 108. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 202. 88 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 23.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Newark, New Castle County, Delaware which are owned by the occupant = 52.13%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 37 years with median home cost = $243,240 and home appreciation of -5.39%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.21 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $7,294 per student. There are 16.1 students for each teacher in the school, 875 students for each Librarian and 448 students for each Counselor. 6.17% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 29.30% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 21.21% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Newark's population in New Castle County, Delaware of 1,213 residents in 1900 has increased 25,23-fold to 30,601 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 54.03% female residents and 45.97% male residents live in Newark, New Castle County, Delaware.

    As of 2020 in Newark, New Castle County, Delaware are married and the remaining 60.58% are single population.

  • 23.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Newark require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    68.96% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.67% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.76% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.39% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Newark, New Castle County, Delaware, 52.13% are owner-occupied homes, another 44.43% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.44% are vacant.

  • The 41.73% of the population in Newark, New Castle County, Delaware who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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