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City of Greenfield

  •   State: 
    Monterey County
      County FIPS: 
    36°19′15″N 121°14′38″W
      Area total: 
    2.95 sq mi (7.6 km²)
      Area land: 
    2.91 sq mi (7.5 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.04 sq mi (0.1 km²)
    289 ft (88 m)
    Incorporated January 7, 1947
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Salinas, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Greenfield, Monterey County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    6,507.6 residents per square mile of area (2,512.6/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Greenfield (formerly Clarke Colony) is a city in Monterey County, California, United States. It lies in the Salinas Valley, 33 miles (53 km) southeast of Salinas, at an elevation of 289 feet (88 m) As of the 2020 census, the population was 18,937, up from 16,330 in the 2010 census. Greenfield is approximately 145 miles (233 km) by highway south of San Francisco, 95 miles (153 km) south ofSan Jose and 65 miles (105 km) north of Paso Robles. U.S. Route 101 passes through the city, with access from four exits. Due to its location near California's Central Coast, the area is filled with rich soil and desirable climate, ideal for many agricultural and wine companies. Some of the vineyards and wineries located nearby are Chalone, Scheid Vineyards, Paraiso Vineyards and Pisoni Vineyards. The city has a total area of 2.95 square miles (7.64 km²), of which 0.04 sq miles (0.10 km²) or 1.29% are water. It is located between the Gabilan Range to the east and the Santa Lucia range to the west. The climate is moderate with average temperatures around 40 °C (4 °C) in winter and about 80 °F (27 °C), in summer. High temperatures may reach the low 90s °F [32-33 °C] during mid-summer.


John S. Clark founded the Clark Colony Water Company in 1902. The company provided water from the nearby Arroyo Seco. The water canal system and ideal growing conditions attracted people of Danish, Swiss and other nationalities from surrounding areas to settle in this new colony. Originally, the town was going to be named "Clark City", but that was nixed by the U.S. Postal Service which informed the city there were too many "Clark Cities" in the state. Instead, the community named the town after one of its early founders and president of the Association, Edward Greenfield. Greenfield was recognized as a municipality by the state legislature and incorporated on January 7, 1947. In the 1930s, wells were dug to supplement water being drawn from the river, which created a year-round water supply. The early canals are still viable and visible throughout the original land acreage. The town of Greenfield, California, was incorporated in 1947 and has a population of about 2,000. It is located in the northern part of the San Diego County foothills, near the San Francisco Bay Area and the Imperial Valley. The city is located on the banks of the Santa Catalina River, which flows into the San Gabriel River. It was founded in 1902 as a colony by the California Home Extension Association, founded by John Clark. The community was named after a man who was a member of the association and the first mayor was Tom Rogers, who was the town's first mayor.

Geography and climate

The city of Greenfield is located in the heart of the Salinas Valley. The area is filled with rich soil and desirable climate, ideal for many agricultural and wine companies. U.S. Route 101 passes through the city, with access from four exits. Most rain falls between October and March; there are 14-20 inches (35.6 51 cm) of rain annually. The city has a total area of 2.95 square miles (7.64 km²), of which 0.04 sq miles (0.10 km²) is water. The climate is moderate with average temperatures around 40 °F (4 °C) in winter and about 80 °F in summer. High temperatures may reach the low 90s °F [32-33 °C] during mid-summer. Most of the vineyards and wineries located nearby are Chalone, Scheid Vineyards, Paraiso Vineyards and Pisoni Vineyards. There are also Hahn Estates Smith & Hook, San Saba, J.Lohr, Kendall-Jackson, Ventana, Hess Select, Estancia, the Michaud Vineyard, and Graff Family Vineyard. It is located 145 miles (233 km) by highway south of San Francisco, 95 miles (153 km) south ofSan Jose and 65 miles (105 km) north of Paso Robles. It has a population of 2,816 (2,715 in the 2010 Census).


At the 2010 census Greenfield had a population of 16,330. In 2006, Greenfield was the fourth fastest growing city in California growing 15.6%, from 13,270 in 2005, to 15,335 in 2006. As of the 2007 California Department of Finance estimate, there were 16,629 people in 2,643 households, including 2,360 families, in the city. The city is the second most populous city in the Salinas Valley and the fifth most populous City in Monterey County. The median income for a household in Greenfield in 2010 was $37,602, and for a family of four or more it was $520. The racial makeup of the city was 39.65% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 0.77% Asian, 0,15% Pacific Islander, 51.95% from other races, and 5.11% from two or more races. The census reported that 16,301 people (99.8% of the population) lived in households, 29 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and no one was institutionalized. There were 3,752 housing units at an average density of 1,757.2 per square mile, of the occupied units 1,829 (52.9%) were owner-occupied and 1,631 (47.1%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.4%; the rental vacancy rate is 5.9%.


60 percent of the leaf lettuce grown in the United States is grown in Salinas Valley. More than $3 billion (US) worth of fruits, vegetables and nuts are produced and shipped annually across the U.S. and abroad. The area is also known as a premier wine grape growing region due to the rich soil and desirable climate. Vineyards, wineries and wine tasting rooms continue to expand throughout the region. Local tourism is increasing as more people are attracted to the area, which is also know as the center of "Steinbeck Country" because of famed author John Steinbeck. The city of Greenfield is centered in one of the most productive agricultural areas in the world. It is located in California's Central Coast region, near the San Francisco Bay Area and the state of California. The region is home to more than 2 million people, many of whom live in or near the city of Salinas, the largest city in the Salinas valley. The town of Greenfields is located about 30 miles from Salinas and is known as the "Salad Bowl of the World" for its abundance of leaf lettuce and other vegetables. It has a population of about 4,000 people, making it one of California's most popular tourist destinations, along with San Francisco and Los Angeles. It also has a reputation for being a great wine growing region. It's also home to a number of wineries, vineyards and other wine-growing areas, such as Paso Robles and Monterey.


The Greenfield Union School District has four elementary schools and one middle school. The district serves around 2,500 students grades K-8. Greenfield High School (GHS) belongs to South Monterrey County Joint Union High School District (SMCJUHSD) On February 27, 2008, Greenfield Elementary was placed under no help due to the school's achievement in raising their Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) Results under the No Child Left Behind Act for the past five years by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and Superintendent of Public Instruction Jack O'Connell. The city does have a high school but does not belong to GUSD. The high school serves around 974 students. The school is located in the center of the city and is located on the east side of the town of Greenfield, in the foothills of the Sierra Madre Mountains. The town has a population of around 3,000 people (including 2,000 non-residents) The city is located near the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Diego Bay Area. It is in the eastern part of the state and is near the border with Mexico. The U.S. state of California has a total population of 3,816,000 (including the city of San Diego) and the state has a GDP of $1.2 billion (includes the state of Arizona, California, and Mexico). The city has an average of 2,700 residents (or 1.7 million people) per year.

Arts and culture

A northern campus for the Yanks Air Museum of Chino, California is under construction in Greenfield. The project will include a museum facility and the 4,250 feet (1,300 m) runway that will support both museum flight operations as well as serve the private aviation needs of both museum visitors and local aviators. In World War II the Hanson Ranch was the site of the Hanson Auxiliary Field. The new museum facility is not intended to replace the existing facility in Chino but to greatly expand the opportunities. Greenfield is constructing the Tom Rogers Community Museum. Named after the first mayor of Greenfield, it will showcase the history of the city as far back as 1905. First Night Monterey with the Arts Council of Monterey County has opened. The Greenfield Cultural Arts Center located at 215 El Camino Real in the Greenfield neighborhood. The museum will be open to the public through the end of the year and will feature a variety of exhibits, including a collection of photographs from the city's history. The first exhibit will be a photo exhibit of the first Greenfield mayor, Tom Rogers, in 1905. The second will be an exhibit of photographs of the mayor and his family from the early 1900s to the present day. The third is a gallery of photos from the 1950s and 1960s that will be displayed in the museum's exhibition space. The gallery will also feature a selection of photographs taken by the mayor during his tenure as mayor. The exhibition will be on display until the museum is completed in 2015.

Sister cities

King City, California is a sister city of Soledad, California. Chualar, California, is a twin city of King City. Chupicuaro, GTO, is sister city to King City, and is a brother city of Gonzales. King City and Gonzales are sister cities in the state of California. The city is also sister to the town of Chualar in Baja California, Mexico, and the city of Gonzales in the Mexican state of Mato Grosso, Mexico. The town is also twinned with King City in Bakersfield, California and Soledad in San Diego, California and Gualar in Sonora, Mexico and is part of the United States of America Sister City network. The name of the town is "King City," which means "City of Sister Cities" in Spanish. The community is also known as "Chualars" or "ChupicUaro" in the Spanish version of the city's name. It is also called King City by some residents, while Gonzales is "Gonzale" by others. The two cities are sister towns in the United States of Mexico. They are also sister cities with the town of Chupacuaro in Baja California, which is known as "Gonzalez" or "Mato Grupo de Cicuar" in Mexico.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Greenfield, Monterey County, California = 97. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 30. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 71. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Greenfield = 5.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,588 individuals with a median age of 26 age the population grows by 22.95% in Greenfield, Monterey County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 6,507.6 residents per square mile of area (2,512.6/km²). There are average 4.83 people per household in the 3,193 households with an average household income of $45,766 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.60% of the available work force and has dropped -3.55% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.30%. The number of physicians in Greenfield per 100,000 population = 173.5.


The annual rainfall in Greenfield = 11.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 50. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 265. 85 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 35.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 78, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Greenfield, Monterey County, California which are owned by the occupant = 56.58%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 21 years with median home cost = $145,230 and home appreciation of -29.47%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.03 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,718 per student. There are 21.6 students for each teacher in the school. 2.29% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 2.13% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 1.67% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Greenfield's population in Monterey County, California of 1,614 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,98-fold to 1,588 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 47.92% female residents and 52.08% male residents live in Greenfield, Monterey County, California.

    As of 2020 in Greenfield, Monterey County, California are married and the remaining 41.74% are single population.

  • 32.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Greenfield require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    50.20% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 46.30% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.09% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.00% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Greenfield, Monterey County, California, 56.58% are owner-occupied homes, another 39.45% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.97% are vacant.

  • The 43.90% of the population in Greenfield, Monterey County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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