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Compton

Compton, California

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    Los Angeles County
      City: 
    Compton
      County FIPS: 
    06037
      Coordinates: 
    33°53′48″N 118°13′30″W
      Area total: 
    10.12 sq mi (26.20 km²)
      Area land: 
    10.03 sq mi (25.97 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.09 sq mi (0.23 km²)
      Elevation: 
    69 ft (21 m)
      Established: 
    1888; Incorporated May 11, 1888
  •   Latitude: 
    33,9119
      Longitude: 
    -118,2351
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    90220
    90221
    90222
      GMAP: 

    Compton, Los Angeles County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    95,740
      Population density: 
    9,548.22 residents per square mile of area (3,686.42/km²)
      Household income: 
    $40,769
      Households: 
    22,616
      Unemployment rate: 
    21.20%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    8.25%
      Income taxes: 
    9.30%

Compton is a city in southern Los Angeles County, California, United States, situated south of downtown Los Angeles. On May 11, 1888, the city of Compton was incorporated with a population of 500 people. The city has a high poverty rate and is generally a working-class community. Compton is known for its high crime rate. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, Compton had a total population of 96,456. It is known as the "Hub City" due to its geographic centrality in Los Angeles county. The Spanish Empire had expanded into this area when the Viceroy of New Spain commissioned Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo to explore the Pacific Ocean in 1542-1543. In 1767, the area became part of the Province of the Californias (Spanish: Provincia de las Californias), and the area was explored by the Portolá expedition in 1769-1770. The Domínguez family name is still applied throughout the area, including the Dominguez Rancho Adobe historical landmark, located between the cities of Compton, Long Beach and Carson. In 1887, the settlers realized it was time to make improvements to the local government. A series of town meetings were held to discuss incorporation of their little town. By the end of the year, Compton was down to only eighty acres of land, with five remaining voters residing within that territory. By 1906, lawyers Emmett Wilson and E.Trer filed suits to nullify the 1890 elections, which in turn restored Compton to a size of 600 acres.

History

Compton is the primary city name, but also Crystal City, Rancho Dominguez, Rncho Domingz are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Compton, California. The Spanish Empire had expanded into this area when the Viceroy of New Spain commissioned Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo to explore the Pacific Ocean in 1542-1543. In 1784, the Spanish Crown deeded Rancho San Pedro, a tract of over 75,000 acres (300 km²), to soldier Juan José Domínguez. In 1867, Griffith Dickenson Compton led a group of 30 pioneers to the area. By 1887, the settlers realized it was time to make improvements to the local government. A series of town meetings were held to discuss incorporation of their little town. Griffith D. Compton donated his land to incorporate and create the city of Compton in 1889, but he did stipulate that a certain acreage be zoned solely for agriculture and named Richland Farms. By 1906, lawyers Emmett Wilson and E.T. Sherer filed suits to nullify the 1890 elections, which in turn restored Compton to a size of 600 acres. Compton was reborn, with elections held to fill open positions. The farms attracted the black families who had begun migrating from the rural South in the 1950s, and there they found their 'home away from home' Compton could not support large-scale agricultural business, but it did give the residents the opportunity to work the land for their families. Shortly after President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 in February 1942, Compton residents of Japanese descent were forcibly removed from their homes and interned for the duration of World War II.

Geography and climate

Compton is a mostly industrial unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) The population was 15,135 according to the 2010 Census. The city of Compton has tried to annex East Rancho Dominguez, but business and property owners in the area have opposed the annexation. Compton is bordered by Willowbrook on the north, West Compton on the west, the city of Carson on the southwest, the uninc incorporated Rancho dominguez on the south, and Long Beach on the southeast. It is also bordered on the east by the un incorporated city of Lynwood. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that Compton has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26 km²) of land and 0.1 sq miles (0.26 km 2) of it (1.03%) is water. It has a humid continental climate (Köppen "Cfa" = "Dfa" + "Csb"). The city is located in the San Fernando Valley, which is one of the most seismically active areas in the United States. Compton has an average annual rainfall of 1.7 inches (4.4 mm) and an average yearly temperature of 2.4 inches (7.7 mm). The city has a high school graduation rate of 9.7%. It has an unemployment rate of 3.3%. It is the second highest in the state of California, after Los Angeles. It was the most populous city in the 1980s and 1990s, with a population of 14,938.

Demographics

The 2010 United States Census reported that Compton had a population of 96,455. The racial makeup of Compton was 31,688 (32.9%) Black; 24,942 (25.9) White, (0.8% Non-Hispanic White) There were 24,523 housing units at an average density of 2,424.0 per square mile (935.9/km²), of which 12,726 (55.2%) were owner-occupied, and 10,336 (44.8%) were occupied by renters. In 2009-2013, Compton has a median household income of $42,953, with 26.3% of the population living below the federal poverty line. The city's reputation reached the late 1980s with the prominent rise of local gang groups's. Compton Most Wanted and Crips Bloods, the latter of whom released the album Straight Outta Compton in 1988. In 2013, the city's homicide rate was the highest since 1991, when the city had more than 100,000 residents. The rise in crime was caused by the rise in gang violence, primarily by the Bloods Bloods. In 2004, Compton's murder rate skyrocketed in 2004 with racial between blacks and Latinos between 36 and 72 killings. In 2011, the murder rate reached 72 killings, with a total population of 90,000. The highest homicide rate in recent years was in 2013, when there were 72 killings in the city. In 2010, the U.S. Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category and assigns them to a separate category.

Economy

Compton is 10.12 square miles and is fondly known as the Hub City because of its unique geographical proximity to the Los Angeles County boundaries. The Hub City is part of the Gateway region and has a 77-acre Compton / Woodley Airport that is home to 275 based aircraft and experiences over 66,000 flight operations each year. The Alameda Corridor, a passageway for 25% of all U.S. waterborne international trade, runs directly through Compton from north to south. Compton is surrounded by multiple freeways which provide access to destinations throughout the region. The Long Beach and Los Angeles Ports are less than 20 minutes from downtown Compton, providing access to international destinations for customers and suppliers. The city's Parks and Recreation Department operates and maintains a total of 16 playgrounds for a combined 118 acres (48 ha) of active park space. The grocery chains Ralphs and Food 4 Less, subsidiaries of Kroger, are headquartered in Compton. Gelson's Market, a subsidiary of Arden Group, Inc., a holding company, is also based there. Compton made the national list for best places to start and grow a business, and ranked #2 in Los Angeles county out of a field of 88 cities. It is also home to the Jackie Robinson Baseball Stadium, Nine-Hole Par 3 Golf Course, and the two-story 29,641 square feet (2,800 m2) Douglas F. Dollarhide Community Center. In 1994, Compton was designated as an "Entrepreneurial Hot Spot" by Cognetics, Inc.

Arts and culture

Compton is home to the Compton Cricket Club, the only all American-born exhibition cricket team. The city is known as the home of many famous rappers, including N.W.A (Eazy-E, MC Ren, Dr. Dre, Ice Cube, DJ Yella), Coolio, DJ Quik, 2nd II None, Hi-C, Tweedy Bird Loc, The Game, Kendrick Lamar, YG, Roddy Ricch, and Compton's Most Wanted. The median age of people living in Compton was 25 at the time of the census survey in 2010; the United States average was 35.3. The Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial sits in a plaza surrounded by the Civic Center, Compton Court House, Compton City Hall and Compton Public Library. Woodlawn Memorial Park is the final resting place of 18 Civil War veterans. Angeles Abbey Cemetery contains examples of Byzantine, Moorish and Spanish architectural styles. The cemetery was built in 1923 and survived the 1933 Long Beach earthquake. The oldest house in Compton, it was restored as a tribute to early settlers, it is an important landmark of Compton's rich history. It has been a Los Angeles County Historic Landmark since 1946. It contains a historic marker and plaque placed by the Daughters of the Golden West in 1947. The Eagle Tree is a natural boundary marker of Rancho San Pedro dating to 1858. It is a California Historical Landmark and is a rustic-looking home that will eventually have a museum detailing early life in Compton.

Government

Compton is one of the most consistently Democratic cities in California's political history. From 1976 to 2016, no Democrat received less than 90% of the vote in a presidential election. The city's former mayor, Eric J. Perrodin, was investigated in 2007 by the California State Bar for threatening to violate a local newspaper's First Amendment rights. In 2010, the city discharged its city manager, in 2010, the second time in three years. The Los Angeles Times says the City Council voted in a closed meeting, September 9, 2010, to fire Charles Evans. Evans took office in 2007, after the dismissal of previous City Manager Barbara Kilroy. City Controller Willie Norfleet will take over until a permanent manager can be named. In July 2021, U.S. Representative Maxine Waters called for a Department of Justice inquiry into whether a deputy gang called the Executioners was operating out of the Compton station of the LASD. In 2020, Joe Biden won Compton with 86.58% ofThe vote, the worst showing for a Democratic nominee since George McGovern, while Donald Trump had the best showing for. a Republican nominee since Richard Nixon, practically mirroring the 1972 election results. In the state legislature, Compton is in the 35th Senate District, represented by Democrat Steven Bradford, and in the 64th Assembly District,represented by Democrat Mike Gipson. It is located in the 44th congressional district, represented in part by Democrat Nanette Barragán.

Education

The city is served by Compton Unified School District. The district is a participant of the FOCUS program conducted by the University of California, Irvine. The city is also served by El Camino College Compton Education Center, which offers community college courses for those planning to enter a four-year degree program. Reed Christian College is a non-profit private institution, located in Compton. The Compton Library offers adult, children's and Spanish language materials; reference services; a Literacy Center and a Homework Center. Barack Obama Charter School is a kindergarten through sixth grade public charter school.Occidental's Center for Food and Justice and its Compton Farm-to-School project were featured in a segment of Life and Times, a half-hour news program on public television's KCET in Los Angeles. The goals of the program are to improve mathematics and science achievement by uniting the efforts of mathematics, science, education and research library faculty and staff with educators of the school district. The school district operates 24 elementary schools, eight middle schools, three high schools, and one adult school, which also serves as an alternative school. The four high schools of the CUSD are Centennial High School, Compton Early College High School, Dominguez High School and Compton High School. The program lasts for less than one year, and total enrollment is approximately 120 students. The CUSD provides public education for grades K12. It also offers public computers with Internet access and word processing capabilities; public typewriters; and a bilingual story time every Saturday at noon.

Infrastructure

Compton/Woodley Airport is a small general aviation airport located in the city. Four freeways are within or near the city's boundaries and provide access to destinations throughout the region. The Metro A Line (formerly the Blue Line) light rail runs northsouth through Compton. The A Line connects Compton to downtown Los Angeles and downtown Long Beach. The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the South Health Center in Watts, Los Angeles. The United States Postal Service operates the Compton Post Office at 701 South Santa Fe Avenue and the Hub City Post Office. The LASD replaced the Compton Police Department in 2000, they increased patrol service hours from 127,410 to 141,692. There is also a Compton Renaissance Transit System that serves the area. From 1902 to 1961, Compton was served by the Pacific Electric Long Beach Line. The airport lies within busy airspace, as it is situated within a few miles of both Los Angeles International Airport and Long Beach Airport. The city's nickname is "the Hub City" because of its proximity to the two major airports in the Los Angeles area, LAX and L.A. County Airport, as well as the Long Beach International Airport. It is located near the border of the San Fernando Valley and the City of Los Angeles, and is known as the "Gateway to the West" The city is also home to the Compton International Airport, which is located within the San Francisco Bay Area and is located just south of downtown LA. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has a training facility in Compton.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Compton, Los Angeles County, California = 1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 52. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Compton = 6.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 95,740 individuals with a median age of 27.4 age the population grows by 3.24% in Compton, Los Angeles County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 9,548.22 residents per square mile of area (3,686.42/km²). There are average 4.24 people per household in the 22,616 households with an average household income of $40,769 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 21.20% of the available work force and has dropped -6.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 6.32%. The number of physicians in Compton per 100,000 population = 213.2.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Compton = 14.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 28. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 286. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 45.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Compton, Los Angeles County, California which are owned by the occupant = 52.68%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 50 years with median home cost = $167,310 and home appreciation of -16.92%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.73 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,595 per student. There are 23.3 students for each teacher in the school, 9513 students for each Librarian and 634 students for each Counselor. 4.26% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 3.96% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 1.79% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Compton's population in Los Angeles County, California of 16,195 residents in 1900 has increased 5,91-fold to 95,740 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.78% female residents and 49.22% male residents live in Compton, Los Angeles County, California.

    As of 2020 in Compton, Los Angeles County, California are married and the remaining 50.78% are single population.

  • 31.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Compton require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    62.64% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 22.26% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 8.54% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.97% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Compton, Los Angeles County, California, 52.68% are owner-occupied homes, another 41.99% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.32% are vacant.

  • The 56.73% of the population in Compton, Los Angeles County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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