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Arvin

City of Arvin

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    Kern County
      City: 
    Arvin
      County FIPS: 
    06029
      Coordinates: 
    35°12′33″N 118°49′42″W
      Area total: 
    4.82 sq mi (12.48 km²)
      Area land: 
    4.82 sq mi (12.48 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
      Elevation: 
    449 ft (137 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated December 21, 1960
  •   Latitude: 
    35,1957
      Longitude: 
    -118,8368
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Bakersfield, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    93203
      GMAP: 

    Arvin, Kern County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    19,495
      Population density: 
    4,045.45 residents per square mile of area (1,561.84/km²)
      Household income: 
    $30,114
      Households: 
    3,387
      Unemployment rate: 
    14.50%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.25%
      Income taxes: 
    9.30%

Arvin is located 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Bakersfield, at an elevation of 449 feet (137 m) As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,304, up from 12,956 at the 2000 census. The city was named after Arvin Richardson, who was the son of one of the original settling families from San Bernardino. The Mountain View Oil Field, which underlies the town and much of the surrounding area, was discovered in 1933 and developed extensively in the 1930s. The area east of Arvin became popular for recreational gliding and soaring, and the hillsides of the Tejon Ranch were used annually for a Western Soaring Championship in the spring. The Arvin Migratory Labor Camp was the first federally operated farm labor camp opened by the Farm Security Administration in 1937. The town was nearly destroyed on July 21, 1952, during the M7.3 Kern County earthquake (a rupture of the White Wolf Fault) Arvin suffered further damage on December 20, 1977, when a dust storm hit the area. In 2007, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) listed Arvin as having the highest levels of smog of any community in the U.S. The city's level of ozone, smog's primary component, exceeded the EPA's acceptable limits on an average of 73 days per year between 2004 and 2006. Arvin has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.

History

Arvin is the primary city name, but also Di Giorgio, Tejon Ranch are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Arvin. The Arvin Post Office was established in 1914 and the community incorporated as a city in 1960. The city was named after Arvin Richardson, who was the son of one of the original settling families from San Bernardino. The Mountain View Oil Field, which underlies the town and much of the surrounding area, was discovered in 1933 and developed extensively in the 1930s. The Arvin Migratory Labor Camp was the first federally operated farm labor camp opened by the Farm Security Administration in 1937. The area east of Arvin became popular for recreational gliding and soaring, and the hillsides of the Tejon Ranch were used annually for a Western Soaring Championship in the spring. Arvin was nearly destroyed on July 21, 1952, during the M7.3 Kern County earthquake (a rupture of the White Wolf Fault). Arvin suffered further damage on December 20, 1977, when a dust storm hit the area. In 2000, the area was memorialized as a National Landmark of Soaring by the National Soaring Museum in 2000. It is now home to the Arvin Soaring and Gliding Museum. The town is located in Kern County, California, near the border with Bakersfield, Kern and San Diego counties. It was founded in 1906 by the San Bernardino family, who moved to the area in the early 1900s to escape the ravages of the Great Depression. The first postmaster was Birdie Heard, who set up the post office in her living room, but it was later moved to a general store owned by the Staples family.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.9 square miles (13 km²), all of it land. Arvin has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, the town has a humid subtropical climate. The city is located on the U.S.-Mexico border. It has a population of 2,816. It is located at the junction of Interstate 80 and Interstate 90. The U.N. World Heritage Site is located in Arvin. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, which took place in World War I. The town is also known as the birthplace of Abraham Lincoln, who was born in the town of Arvin in 1858. It also is known as one of the sites of the Battle of Gettysburg, which was fought in 1864. The name Arvin is derived from the name of the town's first inhabitants, who were called "Arvinians" or "Arvins" by the Spanish settlers. It means "dwellers" in Spanish and means "towns" in English. In English, "arvin" means "hill" and "village" in the Spanish language. It translates to "town" or "hill" in Latin. The word "ar" is used to refer to the city's main street, which is called Arvin Road.

Demographics

At the 2010 census Arvin had a population of 19,304. There were 4,228 households, 3,024 (71.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,803 (66.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 646 (15.3) had a female householder with no husband present, 355 (8.4%) had a male householders with no wife present. 303 households (7.2%) were one person and 125 (3.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. 10,487 people (54.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,468 people (43.9%) lived in rental housing units. The median income for a household in the city was $23,674, and the family income was $816,506. The racial makeup of Arvin was 45.04% White, 1.08% Black or African American, 1.46% Native American,1.10% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 46.55% from other races, and 4.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17,892 persons (92.7%) Arvin is located on the U.S.-Mexico-Canada border. The city has a population density of 4,005.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,546.5/km²).

Economy

Voters in Arvin passed a measure to license and tax marijuana after the legalization of the sale and distribution of cannabis in California was legalized. The measure set a 6% tax on cannabis sales and a tax of up to $6 per square foot per year on cultivation. The city issued its first license to a delivery service in June 2020. This was the first legal cannabis business in Kern County as similar measures have failed in other jurisdictions. The economy of Arvin is primarily based on agriculture, and as such the employment statistics show seasonal variation. In March 2011, 41.9 percent of the city's residents were out of work, the highest of any city in Kern county. The unemployment rate for Arvin in March 2011 was 11.7 percent, the same as for all of Kern County. The rate for Kern County in March 2013 was 9.8 percent, which was the highest among all of the county's cities. The state unemployment rate in March 2012 was 8.9 per cent, the lowest of any county in the state. The U.S. unemployment rate was 7.7 per cent in March 2014. The national unemployment rate is 7.1 per cent. The United States unemployment rate has been 7.2 per cent for the past three years, the worst in the nation. It is the highest rate for the state of California since 1998, and the highest for the entire state. It has been in the low to mid-teens for the last five years, according to the state unemployment report.

Education

The city of Arvin is served by the Arvin Union School District and the Kern High School District. The district serves preschool to eighth grade students. Other nearby districts include Di Giorgio School District, Vineland School District, and the Lamont School Districts. The Arvin Family Resource Center also serves the community with the. Arvin High School, which also services students from the surrounding rural areas and the nearby town of Lamont. The school district also serves grades 912 in Arvin. It operates Arvin high school, as well as a middle school and a high school in the neighboring town of Vineland. It also operates an after-school program in the town of Vineland, which serves grades 6-8. It is the only school district in the area to operate an after school program. It serves grades 5-8 in the surrounding towns of Lamont and Di Giorgio. It was founded in the 1950s and serves students in kindergarten to 8th grade. It has been in the same district since the 1960s. It opened a middle and high school on Haven Drive in the 1970s. Sierra Vista and Haven Drive are the two oldest schools in the city. The land for the Haven Drive campus was acquired in 1943. The first school was built on the site of a former dairy farm in the 1940s and 1950s. There are no schools on the current Haven Drive site, which was built in the 1980s and 1990s.

Public safety

The city of Arvin has its own police department. Station 54 of the Kern County Fire Department is responsible for fire prevention services. In January 2008, the city purchased six hybrid police vehicles with a grant by the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District. The city also purchased six hybrids SUVs in December 2008 with a grants by the Air Quality District. In 2010, there were 27 full-time law enforcement employees in Arvin. There were 9 civilians in the city of 15,410 people. In 2008, Arvin had a crime rate of 187 violent crimes per 1,000 residents. In 2009, the crime rate was 187 violent crime per 1 million residents. The crime rate in 2008 was 187.7 violent crimes for every 1,400 residents. That figure was 187 in 2010. In 2007, the violent crime rate for the city was 187 and the crime statistics for 2008 were 187. In 2006, the violence rate for Arvin was 187, and in 2007, it was 186. In 2005, the Violent Crime Rate for the City of Arvine was 187; in 2006, it rose to 187.5. In the same year, the number of violent crimes in the town was 185. The number of property crimes was 500. The total number of burglaries was 186, and the total property crimes were 232. In 2004, the police department had a total of 18 officers. The police department has a crime record of 187.0 violent crimes. In that year, it had a violent crime score of 187; it was 187 the year before. The violent crime record for 2008 was 186; it is 187 in 2009.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Arvin, Kern County, California = 1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 42. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Arvin = 5.6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 19,495 individuals with a median age of 25.8 age the population grows by 16.39% in Arvin, Kern County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,045.45 residents per square mile of area (1,561.84/km²). There are average 4.42 people per household in the 3,387 households with an average household income of $30,114 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 14.50% of the available work force and has dropped -4.26% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 16.98%. The number of physicians in Arvin per 100,000 population = 121.9.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Arvin = 11.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 35. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 272. 97 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 35.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Arvin, Kern County, California which are owned by the occupant = 54.13%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 30 years with median home cost = $103,060 and home appreciation of -16.24%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.82 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,692 per student. There are 19.3 students for each teacher in the school. 34181.88% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 1.26% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 0.70% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Arvin's population in Kern County, California of 2,157 residents in 1900 has increased 9,04-fold to 19,495 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 47.44% female residents and 52.56% male residents live in Arvin, Kern County, California.

    As of 2020 in Arvin, Kern County, California are married and the remaining 40.74% are single population.

  • 29.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Arvin require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    49.59% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 44.00% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.27% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 0.79% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Arvin, Kern County, California, 54.13% are owner-occupied homes, another 41.45% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.42% are vacant.

  • The 42.63% of the population in Arvin, Kern County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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