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Selma

City of Selma

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    Fresno County
      City: 
    Selma
      County FIPS: 
    06019
      Coordinates: 
    36°34′15″N 119°36′43″W
      Area total: 
    5.77 sq mi (14.94 km²)
      Area land: 
    5.77 sq mi (14.94 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
      Elevation: 
    308 ft (94 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated March 15, 1893
  •   Latitude: 
    36,5719
      Longitude: 
    -119,6162
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Fresno, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    93662
      GMAP: 

    Selma, Fresno County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    10,785
      Population density: 
    4,303.92 residents per square mile of area (1,661.63/km²)
      Household income: 
    $48,437
      Households: 
    6,375
      Unemployment rate: 
    15.80%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.98%
      Income taxes: 
    9.30%

Selma is a city in Fresno County, California. The population was 23,319 at the 2010 census, up from 19,240 at the 2000 census. Selma is located 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Fresno, at an elevation of 308 feet (94 m) According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city covers an area of 5.136 square miles (13.30 km²), all of it land. The racial makeup of Selma was 12,869 (55.4%) White, 284 (1.2%) African American, 479 (2.1%) Native American, 1,057 (4.6%) Asian, 9 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 7,630 (32.9%) from other races, and 891 (3.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18,014 persons (77.6%). The census reported that 23,054 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households. The average household size was 3.59. There were 5,271 families (82.2% of households) in the city. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there are 99.8 males. The city has a population density of 4,475.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,728.1/km²).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city covers an area of 5.136 square miles (13.30 km²), all of it land. The city has a population of 2,816. The population of the city was 2,788 at the 2010 census. The U.N. World Health Organization has declared the city a disaster zone. The World Health Organisation has also declared it a disaster area, but has not said whether it will be declared a war zone or a disaster region. The United States Census Bureau has listed the city's population as 2,082 at the time of the 2010 Census, and says it is expected to rise to 2,917 by the 2014 census. It is the most populous city in the state of New Jersey, with 1,716 residents. The state's population is 1,814, according to the census bureau, and it is the second-largest city in New Jersey behind New Jersey City, with 2,638 residents. It has a total population of 5,136, with the majority of its residents living in the city center. It also has a number of unincorporated areas, such as the towns of Bakersfield and Piedmont, where the population is about 1,000. The town's population was 1,071 at the 2000 Census. It was the most densely populated city in North Carolina, with 4,715 residents. In the state's history, it was the third-most populous city.

Demographics

At the 2010 census Selma had a population of 23,219. The racial makeup of Selma was 12,869 (55.4%) White, 284 (1.2%) African American, 479 (2.1%) Native American, 1,057 (4.6%) Asian, 9 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 7,630 (32.9%) from other races, and 891 (3.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18,014 persons (77.6%). There were 6,813 housing units at an average density of 1,326.4 per square mile (512.1/km²),of which 6,416 were occupied, 3,825 by the owners and 2,591 by renters. The median income for a household in the city was $34,713, and the median family income was $36,510. In Selma, the average household size was 3.59, with the average family size of 3.89. The city has a population density of 4,475.7 inhabitants per squaremile (1,728.1 /km²) The city's population is 43.90% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 1.56% Native American, 3.18% Asian, 3.03% Pacific Islanders, 46.09% from other Races, and 4.48% from two and more races; 71.75%.

History and culture

Selma owes its beginnings to farming and to the Southern Pacific Railroad, which began in the 1870s as a branch line of the Central Pacific Railroad. A persistent local legend is that Selma was named after Selma Gruenberg Lewis (ca. 1867-1944) by Governor Leland Stanford, who was shown her picture by her father. The town was in fact named for Selma Michelsen (1853-1910), wife of a railroad employee who had submitted her name for inclusion on a list of candidate names prepared by his supervisor. With 90 percent of U.S. raisins produced within eight miles of Selma, the city adopted the slogan "Raisin Capital of the World" in 1963. Selma experienced one of its biggest changes when Walmart built a large retail store at the intersection of East Floral Avenue and the northwest edge of the city. As the 21st century began, this area became the de facto commercial center of the town, providing great economic benefits, despite vacant storefronts and small businesses. The old downtown remained a viable but struggling but viable district of city, despite empty storefronts, small businesses and small homes. The city is served by the Fresno Bee and the Selma Unified School District, which has 21 schools and 21 kindergartens. The Selma Enterprise is a weekly newspaper published by The Fresno Bee-based television and radio station, and is based in the city's Central Valley neighborhood, which is home to more than 10,000 people.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Selma, Fresno County, California = 1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 22. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 12. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Selma = 5.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 10,785 individuals with a median age of 29.6 age the population grows by 18.19% in Selma, Fresno County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,303.92 residents per square mile of area (1,661.63/km²). There are average 3.58 people per household in the 6,375 households with an average household income of $48,437 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 15.80% of the available work force and has dropped -1.02% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.16%. The number of physicians in Selma per 100,000 population = 162.1.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Selma = 10.9 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 45. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 272. 98 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 37.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 54, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Selma, Fresno County, California which are owned by the occupant = 60.13%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 29 years with median home cost = $134,540 and home appreciation of -19.27%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $9.53 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,347 per student. There are 22.1 students for each teacher in the school, 6509 students for each Librarian and 1228 students for each Counselor. 6.76% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 6.09% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 1.82% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Selma's population in Fresno County, California of 1,083 residents in 1900 has increased 9,96-fold to 10,785 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 49.51% female residents and 50.49% male residents live in Selma, Fresno County, California.

    As of 2020 in Selma, Fresno County, California are married and the remaining 42.55% are single population.

  • 22.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Selma require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    75.96% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 17.57% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.21% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.97% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Selma, Fresno County, California, 60.13% are owner-occupied homes, another 35.68% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.19% are vacant.

  • The 46.44% of the population in Selma, Fresno County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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